open access

Vol 73, No 4 (2014)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2014-11-28
Submitted: 2014-01-27
Accepted: 2014-05-13
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Single coronary artery incidence in 215,140 patients undergoing coronary angiography

S. Turkmen, M. Yolcu, A. Sertcelik, E. Ipek, B. Dokumaci, T. Batyraliev
DOI: 10.5603/FM.2014.0070
·
Folia Morphol 2014;73(4):469-474.

open access

Vol 73, No 4 (2014)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2014-11-28
Submitted: 2014-01-27
Accepted: 2014-05-13

Abstract

Background: The aim of our study is to determine the incidence of single coronary artery (SCA). SCA is a rarely seen coronary anomaly in which the right coronary artery and the left main coronary artery arise from single aortic sinus. Although SCA has a benign course in most cases and its clinical significance is unknown, in some autopsy studies it was shown to be related to sudden cardiac death.

Materials and methods: SCA patients detected among 215,140 coronary angiographies (CAG) performed between 1998 and 2013 in SANKO Hospital were included in our study. The classification of CAG was made according to the two different classifications defined by Smith and Lipton and colleagues.

Results: A total number of 215,140 patients who underwent routine CAG were included in the study, and SCA was detected in 67 (0.031%) patients. There were 6 (9%) type R-I, 23 (34%) type R-II, 10 (15%) type R-III, 16 (24%) type L-I and 12 (18%) type L-II patients according to the angiographic classification.

Conclusions: SCA is rarely seen during routine cardiac catheterisation and its incidence is 0.014–0.066% in angiographic series. In our study, the incidence was shown to be similar to the previous studies.

Abstract

Background: The aim of our study is to determine the incidence of single coronary artery (SCA). SCA is a rarely seen coronary anomaly in which the right coronary artery and the left main coronary artery arise from single aortic sinus. Although SCA has a benign course in most cases and its clinical significance is unknown, in some autopsy studies it was shown to be related to sudden cardiac death.

Materials and methods: SCA patients detected among 215,140 coronary angiographies (CAG) performed between 1998 and 2013 in SANKO Hospital were included in our study. The classification of CAG was made according to the two different classifications defined by Smith and Lipton and colleagues.

Results: A total number of 215,140 patients who underwent routine CAG were included in the study, and SCA was detected in 67 (0.031%) patients. There were 6 (9%) type R-I, 23 (34%) type R-II, 10 (15%) type R-III, 16 (24%) type L-I and 12 (18%) type L-II patients according to the angiographic classification.

Conclusions: SCA is rarely seen during routine cardiac catheterisation and its incidence is 0.014–0.066% in angiographic series. In our study, the incidence was shown to be similar to the previous studies.

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Keywords

coronary vessel anomalies, coronary angiography, incidence

About this article
Title

Single coronary artery incidence in 215,140 patients undergoing coronary angiography

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 73, No 4 (2014)

Pages

469-474

Published online

2014-11-28

DOI

10.5603/FM.2014.0070

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 2014;73(4):469-474.

Keywords

coronary vessel anomalies
coronary angiography
incidence

Authors

S. Turkmen
M. Yolcu
A. Sertcelik
E. Ipek
B. Dokumaci
T. Batyraliev

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