open access

Vol 73, No 3 (2014)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2014-09-05
Submitted: 2013-10-17
Accepted: 2013-12-19
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The posterior communicating artery: morphometric study in 3D angio-computed tomography reconstruction. The proof of the mathematical definition of the hypoplasia

J. Dzierżanowski, A. Szarmach, P. Słoniewski, P. Czapiewski, M. Piskunowicz, T. Bandurski, T. Szmuda
DOI: 10.5603/FM.2014.0045
·
Folia Morphol 2014;73(3):286-291.

open access

Vol 73, No 3 (2014)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2014-09-05
Submitted: 2013-10-17
Accepted: 2013-12-19

Abstract

Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the morphometry of the posterior communicating artery (PCoA), on the basis of angio-computed tomography (CT), and to give proof of the mathematical definition of the term “hypopal sia of the PCoA“.

Materials and methods: One hundred 3-dimensional (3D) angio-CT images, performed in adult patients with bilateral reconstruction of the PCoA (200 results) were used tocalculate the morphometry of the vessel.

Results: The average length of the vessel on the right side was 14.48 ± 3.47 mm, andon the left side 14.98 ± 4.77 mm (in women 14.75 mm, in men 14.70 mm). The mean of the diameter at the “proximal” point (the junction with P1) on the right side was 1.49 ± 0.51 mm, and on the left 1.46 ± 0.47 mm (in women 1.44 mm and in men 1.51 mm). The mean of the diameter in the “distal” part (the connection with ICA) on the right side was 1.4 ± 0.49 mm, and on the left 1.37 ± 0.41 mm (in women 1.38 mm, and in men 1.39 mm). No statistical correlation between the length and the diameter of the PCoA in relation to the sex and side was shown. On the basis of our measurements, we defined the hypoplasia of the artery as the estimated value less than the average diameter minus the standard deviation. The percentage distribution was as follows: the left artery 15.5%, the right artery 24%, women 11.5%, and the men 9%. Similarly to the above parameters, we have not found any statistical differences. The presence of the foetal origin was noted in 25% of the radiological examinations. The infundibular widening was visualised in 11.5% of cases of 3D reconstructions. The agenesis of PCoA was found in 9% (never bilaterally), and in 1 case the unilateral duplication of the artery was observed. No statistical differences between those parameters in relation to sex and the examined side were revealed.

Conclusions: Morphological calculation of the PCoA on the basis of angio-CT from adult patients did not show any statistical differences depending on sex or the investigated side. The presented method of the calculations proved to be useful for the mathematical definition of the term “hypoplasia of the PCoA”.

Abstract

Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the morphometry of the posterior communicating artery (PCoA), on the basis of angio-computed tomography (CT), and to give proof of the mathematical definition of the term “hypopal sia of the PCoA“.

Materials and methods: One hundred 3-dimensional (3D) angio-CT images, performed in adult patients with bilateral reconstruction of the PCoA (200 results) were used tocalculate the morphometry of the vessel.

Results: The average length of the vessel on the right side was 14.48 ± 3.47 mm, andon the left side 14.98 ± 4.77 mm (in women 14.75 mm, in men 14.70 mm). The mean of the diameter at the “proximal” point (the junction with P1) on the right side was 1.49 ± 0.51 mm, and on the left 1.46 ± 0.47 mm (in women 1.44 mm and in men 1.51 mm). The mean of the diameter in the “distal” part (the connection with ICA) on the right side was 1.4 ± 0.49 mm, and on the left 1.37 ± 0.41 mm (in women 1.38 mm, and in men 1.39 mm). No statistical correlation between the length and the diameter of the PCoA in relation to the sex and side was shown. On the basis of our measurements, we defined the hypoplasia of the artery as the estimated value less than the average diameter minus the standard deviation. The percentage distribution was as follows: the left artery 15.5%, the right artery 24%, women 11.5%, and the men 9%. Similarly to the above parameters, we have not found any statistical differences. The presence of the foetal origin was noted in 25% of the radiological examinations. The infundibular widening was visualised in 11.5% of cases of 3D reconstructions. The agenesis of PCoA was found in 9% (never bilaterally), and in 1 case the unilateral duplication of the artery was observed. No statistical differences between those parameters in relation to sex and the examined side were revealed.

Conclusions: Morphological calculation of the PCoA on the basis of angio-CT from adult patients did not show any statistical differences depending on sex or the investigated side. The presented method of the calculations proved to be useful for the mathematical definition of the term “hypoplasia of the PCoA”.

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Keywords

posterior communicating artery, hypoplasia, foetal-type, infundibular widening

About this article
Title

The posterior communicating artery: morphometric study in 3D angio-computed tomography reconstruction. The proof of the mathematical definition of the hypoplasia

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 73, No 3 (2014)

Pages

286-291

Published online

2014-09-05

DOI

10.5603/FM.2014.0045

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 2014;73(3):286-291.

Keywords

posterior communicating artery
hypoplasia
foetal-type
infundibular widening

Authors

J. Dzierżanowski
A. Szarmach
P. Słoniewski
P. Czapiewski
M. Piskunowicz
T. Bandurski
T. Szmuda

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