open access

Vol 73, No 2 (2014)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2014-05-30
Submitted: 2013-10-01
Accepted: 2013-11-05
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Height at the withers estimation in the horses based on the internal dimension of cranial cavity

A. Chrószcz, M. Janeczek, E. Pasicka, J. Klećkowska-Nawrot
DOI: 10.5603/FM.2014.0021
·
Folia Morphol 2014;73(2):143-148.

open access

Vol 73, No 2 (2014)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2014-05-30
Submitted: 2013-10-01
Accepted: 2013-11-05

Abstract

The investigations were carried out on 17 modern half-breed horse skulls and their metacarpal and metatarsal bones. The basal length (BL), total length (TL), internal cranial cavity dimension and maximal length of metacarpus and metatarsus and maximal lateral length of metacarpus and metatarsus were measured according to Kiesewalter and von den Driesch. During height at the withers estimation, the Kiesewaler and Vitt methods were used. The Wyrost and Kucharczyk mathematical formula was modified for height at the withers calculation (Hestmd = 1.016 × D) in horses. All height at the withers estimation methods were statistically analysed and compared. The analysis of variance ANOVA proved the lack of significant difference between the investigated values. The results achieved using Wyrost and Kucharczyk modified method are strongly comparable to Kiesewalter methods results computed using the metacarpal and metatarsal bones measurements. The height at the withers calculated on the basis of TL slightly differs from 2 above-mentioned methods. The BL Vitt’s method was the least exact.

Abstract

The investigations were carried out on 17 modern half-breed horse skulls and their metacarpal and metatarsal bones. The basal length (BL), total length (TL), internal cranial cavity dimension and maximal length of metacarpus and metatarsus and maximal lateral length of metacarpus and metatarsus were measured according to Kiesewalter and von den Driesch. During height at the withers estimation, the Kiesewaler and Vitt methods were used. The Wyrost and Kucharczyk mathematical formula was modified for height at the withers calculation (Hestmd = 1.016 × D) in horses. All height at the withers estimation methods were statistically analysed and compared. The analysis of variance ANOVA proved the lack of significant difference between the investigated values. The results achieved using Wyrost and Kucharczyk modified method are strongly comparable to Kiesewalter methods results computed using the metacarpal and metatarsal bones measurements. The height at the withers calculated on the basis of TL slightly differs from 2 above-mentioned methods. The BL Vitt’s method was the least exact.

Get Citation

Keywords

craniometry, shoulder height, horses, statistical analysis

About this article
Title

Height at the withers estimation in the horses based on the internal dimension of cranial cavity

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 73, No 2 (2014)

Pages

143-148

Published online

2014-05-30

DOI

10.5603/FM.2014.0021

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 2014;73(2):143-148.

Keywords

craniometry
shoulder height
horses
statistical analysis

Authors

A. Chrószcz
M. Janeczek
E. Pasicka
J. Klećkowska-Nawrot

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