open access

Vol 73, No 1 (2014)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2014-02-28
Submitted: 2013-08-18
Accepted: 2013-10-07
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Origin of profunda femoris artery and its circumflex femoral branches: anatomical variations and clinical significance

Ashraf Y. Nasr, Mohammed H. Badawoud, Abdulmonem A. Al-Hayani, Adel M. Hussein
DOI: 10.5603/FM.2014.0008
·
Folia Morphol 2014;73(1):58-67.

open access

Vol 73, No 1 (2014)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2014-02-28
Submitted: 2013-08-18
Accepted: 2013-10-07

Abstract

Background: Knowledge of the anatomical variations of the profunda femoris artery and its circumflex branches is important during angiographic diagnostic procedures as well as during performing surgery in the femoral region. The aim of this study was to examine the original sites, distances and variations of the profunda femoris artery and its circumflex branches.

Materials and methods: The study was conducted in the Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University from October, 2011 to May, 2013 after the approval of the medical ethical committee. Dissections of 90 femoral triangles of 25 male and 20 female adult human cadavers were performed to demonstrate the origin and distribution of the profunda femoris artery and its circumflex branches.

Results: The profunda femoris artery mostly originated from the posterolateral aspect of the femoral artery in 42% of male limbs and in 42.5% of female limbs, from the posterior side in 24% of male and 27.5% of female limbs, from the lateral side in 20% of males and female limbs and from the posteromedial aspect in 14% of male limbs and in 7.5% of female limbs. The mean distance of origin of profunda femoris artery from the midpoint of inguinal ligament was 51.5 ± 1.9 mm in right male, 49.7 ± 1.9 mm in left male, 48.5 ± 2.2 mm in right female and 48.9 ± 2.2 mm in left female limbs. The medial and lateral circumflex arteries originated mostly from the profunda femoris artery (60% in males; 57.7% in females) at a mean distance of 18.6 ± 2.1 mm and 20.2 ± 2.2 mm in right male, 19.6 ± 1.9 mm and 22.5 ± 2.3 mm in left male, 18.8 ± 2.7 mm and 21 ± 2.6 mm in right female and 19.1 ± 2.1 mm and 21.7 ± 2.6 mm in left female limbs, respectively. The original incidence of the medial and lateral circumflex femoral arteries from the femoral artery including the common trunk was 40% in male and 42.3% in female limbs.

Conclusions: Awareness of the original sites and distances of the profunda femoris artery and its circumflex femoral branches will allow the surgeon to define the vascular pattern before performing any invasive procedure and to avoid unexpected iatrogenic injuries.

Abstract

Background: Knowledge of the anatomical variations of the profunda femoris artery and its circumflex branches is important during angiographic diagnostic procedures as well as during performing surgery in the femoral region. The aim of this study was to examine the original sites, distances and variations of the profunda femoris artery and its circumflex branches.

Materials and methods: The study was conducted in the Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University from October, 2011 to May, 2013 after the approval of the medical ethical committee. Dissections of 90 femoral triangles of 25 male and 20 female adult human cadavers were performed to demonstrate the origin and distribution of the profunda femoris artery and its circumflex branches.

Results: The profunda femoris artery mostly originated from the posterolateral aspect of the femoral artery in 42% of male limbs and in 42.5% of female limbs, from the posterior side in 24% of male and 27.5% of female limbs, from the lateral side in 20% of males and female limbs and from the posteromedial aspect in 14% of male limbs and in 7.5% of female limbs. The mean distance of origin of profunda femoris artery from the midpoint of inguinal ligament was 51.5 ± 1.9 mm in right male, 49.7 ± 1.9 mm in left male, 48.5 ± 2.2 mm in right female and 48.9 ± 2.2 mm in left female limbs. The medial and lateral circumflex arteries originated mostly from the profunda femoris artery (60% in males; 57.7% in females) at a mean distance of 18.6 ± 2.1 mm and 20.2 ± 2.2 mm in right male, 19.6 ± 1.9 mm and 22.5 ± 2.3 mm in left male, 18.8 ± 2.7 mm and 21 ± 2.6 mm in right female and 19.1 ± 2.1 mm and 21.7 ± 2.6 mm in left female limbs, respectively. The original incidence of the medial and lateral circumflex femoral arteries from the femoral artery including the common trunk was 40% in male and 42.3% in female limbs.

Conclusions: Awareness of the original sites and distances of the profunda femoris artery and its circumflex femoral branches will allow the surgeon to define the vascular pattern before performing any invasive procedure and to avoid unexpected iatrogenic injuries.

Get Citation

Keywords

profunda femoris, circumflex femoral arteries, origin and variations

About this article
Title

Origin of profunda femoris artery and its circumflex femoral branches: anatomical variations and clinical significance

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 73, No 1 (2014)

Pages

58-67

Published online

2014-02-28

DOI

10.5603/FM.2014.0008

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 2014;73(1):58-67.

Keywords

profunda femoris
circumflex femoral arteries
origin and variations

Authors

Ashraf Y. Nasr
Mohammed H. Badawoud
Abdulmonem A. Al-Hayani
Adel M. Hussein

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