open access

Vol 72, No 2 (2013)
CASE REPORTS
Published online: 2013-06-01
Submitted: 2013-06-05
Accepted: 2013-06-05
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Anatomical and genetic study of an ancient animal tooth showing brachyodont and hypsodont mixed taxonomical characteristics

L. V. Monteagudo, J. A. Obón, A. Whyte, M. T. Tejedor, J. Whyte, A. Cisneros
DOI: 10.5603/FM.2013.0028
·
Folia Morphol 2013;72(2):167-170.

open access

Vol 72, No 2 (2013)
CASE REPORTS
Published online: 2013-06-01
Submitted: 2013-06-05
Accepted: 2013-06-05

Abstract

A non-human dental piece was found in a Roman Empire tomb dated the 3rd century A.C. in Zaragoza (Spain). The morphology of this piece showed mixed brachyodont (carnivores) and hypsodont (herbivores) characteristics. As a result, the taxonomical assignation of the piece was impossible. Therefore, a protocolbased on the DNA sequence of the cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 mitochondrial region (COI) was applied. For this purpose, a pair of primers able to amplify thisregion in a large variety of animals was designed. The results point to a species of the Genus Bos (Family Bovidae). This assignation was later confirmed by these quencing of a short fragment of the mitochondrial D-loop region. A complete morphological description of the tooth is presented together with the DNA sequence study and comparison protocol.

Abstract

A non-human dental piece was found in a Roman Empire tomb dated the 3rd century A.C. in Zaragoza (Spain). The morphology of this piece showed mixed brachyodont (carnivores) and hypsodont (herbivores) characteristics. As a result, the taxonomical assignation of the piece was impossible. Therefore, a protocolbased on the DNA sequence of the cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 mitochondrial region (COI) was applied. For this purpose, a pair of primers able to amplify thisregion in a large variety of animals was designed. The results point to a species of the Genus Bos (Family Bovidae). This assignation was later confirmed by these quencing of a short fragment of the mitochondrial D-loop region. A complete morphological description of the tooth is presented together with the DNA sequence study and comparison protocol.
Get Citation

Keywords

ancient tooth, ambiguous taxonomical identification, DNA study, mitochondrial DNA

About this article
Title

Anatomical and genetic study of an ancient animal tooth showing brachyodont and hypsodont mixed taxonomical characteristics

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 72, No 2 (2013)

Pages

167-170

Published online

2013-06-01

DOI

10.5603/FM.2013.0028

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 2013;72(2):167-170.

Keywords

ancient tooth
ambiguous taxonomical identification
DNA study
mitochondrial DNA

Authors

L. V. Monteagudo
J. A. Obón
A. Whyte
M. T. Tejedor
J. Whyte
A. Cisneros

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