Vol 72, No 4 (2013)
Review article
Published online: 2013-12-09

open access

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The mandible and its foramen: anatomy, anthropology, embryology and resulting clinical implications

M. Lipski, I. M. Tomaszewska, W. Lipska, G. J. Lis, K.A. Tomaszewski
DOI: 10.5603/FM.2013.0048
Folia Morphol 2013;72(4):285-292.

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to summarise the knowledge about the anatomy, embryology and anthropology of the mandible and the mandibular foramen and also to highlight the most important clinical implications of the current studies regarding anaesthesia performed in the region of the mandible. An electronic journal search was undertaken to identify all the relevant studies published in English. The search included MEDLINE and EMBASE databases and years from 1950 to 2012. The subject search used a combination of controlled vocabulary and free text based on the search strategy for MEDLINE using key words: ‘mandible’, ‘mandibular’, ‘foramen’, ‘anatomy’, ‘embryology’, ‘anthropology’, and ‘mental’. The reference lists of all the relevant studies and existing reviews were screened for additional relevant publications. Basing on relevant manuscripts, this short review about the anatomy, embryology and anthropology of the mandible and the mandibular foramen was written.

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