open access

Vol 72, No 1 (2013)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2013-03-04
Submitted: 2012-10-13
Accepted: 2012-12-17
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Morphology and digitally aided morphometry of the human paracentral lobule

G. Spasojević, S. Malobabic, O. Pilipović-Spasojević, N. Djukić-Macut, A. Maliković
DOI: 10.5603/FM.2013.0002
·
Folia Morphol 2013;72(1):10-16.

open access

Vol 72, No 1 (2013)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2013-03-04
Submitted: 2012-10-13
Accepted: 2012-12-17

Abstract

The human paracentral lobule, the junction of the precentral and postcentral gyri at the medial hemispheric surface, contains several important functional regions, and its variable morphology requires exact morphological and quantitativedata. In order to obtain precise data we investigated the morphology of the paracentral lobule and quantified its visible (extrasulcal) surface. This surface corresponds to commonly used magnetic resonance imaging scout images. We studied
84 hemispheres of adult persons (42 brains; 26 males and 16 females; 20–65 years) fixed in neutral formalin for at least 4 weeks. The medial hemispheric surface was photographed at standard distance and each digital photo was calibrated.
Using the intercommissural line system (commissura anterior-commissura posterior or CA-CP line), we performed standardised measurements of the paracentral lobule. Exact determination of its boundaries and morphological types
was followed by digital morphometry of its extrasulcal surface using AutoCAD software. We found two distinct morphological types of the human paracentral lobule: continuous type, which was predominant (95.2%), and rare segmented type (4.8%). In hemispheres with segmented cingulate sulcus we also found the
short transitional lobulo-limbic gyrus (13.1%). The mean extrasulcal surface of the left paracentral lobule was significantly larger, both in males (left 6.79 cm2 vs. right 5.76 cm2) and in females (left 6.05 cm2 vs. right 5.16 cm2). However, even larger average surfaces in males were not significantly different than the same in females. Reported morphological and quantitative data will be useful during diagnostics and treatment of pathologies affecting the human paracentral lobule, and in further studies of its cytoarchitectonic and functional parcellations.

Abstract

The human paracentral lobule, the junction of the precentral and postcentral gyri at the medial hemispheric surface, contains several important functional regions, and its variable morphology requires exact morphological and quantitativedata. In order to obtain precise data we investigated the morphology of the paracentral lobule and quantified its visible (extrasulcal) surface. This surface corresponds to commonly used magnetic resonance imaging scout images. We studied
84 hemispheres of adult persons (42 brains; 26 males and 16 females; 20–65 years) fixed in neutral formalin for at least 4 weeks. The medial hemispheric surface was photographed at standard distance and each digital photo was calibrated.
Using the intercommissural line system (commissura anterior-commissura posterior or CA-CP line), we performed standardised measurements of the paracentral lobule. Exact determination of its boundaries and morphological types
was followed by digital morphometry of its extrasulcal surface using AutoCAD software. We found two distinct morphological types of the human paracentral lobule: continuous type, which was predominant (95.2%), and rare segmented type (4.8%). In hemispheres with segmented cingulate sulcus we also found the
short transitional lobulo-limbic gyrus (13.1%). The mean extrasulcal surface of the left paracentral lobule was significantly larger, both in males (left 6.79 cm2 vs. right 5.76 cm2) and in females (left 6.05 cm2 vs. right 5.16 cm2). However, even larger average surfaces in males were not significantly different than the same in females. Reported morphological and quantitative data will be useful during diagnostics and treatment of pathologies affecting the human paracentral lobule, and in further studies of its cytoarchitectonic and functional parcellations.

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About this article
Title

Morphology and digitally aided morphometry of the human paracentral lobule

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 72, No 1 (2013)

Pages

10-16

Published online

2013-03-04

DOI

10.5603/FM.2013.0002

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 2013;72(1):10-16.

Authors

G. Spasojević
S. Malobabic
O. Pilipović-Spasojević
N. Djukić-Macut
A. Maliković

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