open access

Vol 71, No 4 (2012)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2012-11-30
Submitted: 2012-09-24
Accepted: 2012-10-14
Get Citation

The radial artery and its variations: anatomical study and clinical implications

A. Y. Nasr
Folia Morphol 2012;71(4):252-262.

open access

Vol 71, No 4 (2012)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2012-11-30
Submitted: 2012-09-24
Accepted: 2012-10-14

Abstract

Objectives: to describe the radial artery and its variants in origin, branching pattern, mode of termination, measurements of its length and external diameter.

Methods: 100 upper limbs of 30 men & 20 women adult cadavers were used in this study.  The cadavers were obtained from the Anatomy department, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.  The axillary region, arm, forearm and hand of each limb were dissected to clarify the course and branches of radial artery.  This anatomical descriptive study was conducted between September, 2010 and August, 2012 after approval the ethical committee.

Results: the mean distance of the normal origin of radial artery as one of two terminal branches of brachial artery was 38.7±9.5mm in men & 36.5±8.5mm in women upper limbs below the intercondylar line while, variant origin of radial artery was found in eight limbs.  The mean of radial artery length was 226.2±21.7mm in men and 209.9 ±13.9 mm in women limbs and that of its external diameter was 3.3 ±0.7 mm in men & 3.2±0.66mm in women at 1 cm distal to its origin; 3.1±0.73 mm in men & 3.0±0.66 in women at 2cm proximal to styloid process of radius.  The radial artery showed different branching patterns and three modes of termination.

Conclusion: Knowledge of radial artery description and its variants has great importance in different clinical fields and basic medical studies.

Abstract

Objectives: to describe the radial artery and its variants in origin, branching pattern, mode of termination, measurements of its length and external diameter.

Methods: 100 upper limbs of 30 men & 20 women adult cadavers were used in this study.  The cadavers were obtained from the Anatomy department, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.  The axillary region, arm, forearm and hand of each limb were dissected to clarify the course and branches of radial artery.  This anatomical descriptive study was conducted between September, 2010 and August, 2012 after approval the ethical committee.

Results: the mean distance of the normal origin of radial artery as one of two terminal branches of brachial artery was 38.7±9.5mm in men & 36.5±8.5mm in women upper limbs below the intercondylar line while, variant origin of radial artery was found in eight limbs.  The mean of radial artery length was 226.2±21.7mm in men and 209.9 ±13.9 mm in women limbs and that of its external diameter was 3.3 ±0.7 mm in men & 3.2±0.66mm in women at 1 cm distal to its origin; 3.1±0.73 mm in men & 3.0±0.66 in women at 2cm proximal to styloid process of radius.  The radial artery showed different branching patterns and three modes of termination.

Conclusion: Knowledge of radial artery description and its variants has great importance in different clinical fields and basic medical studies.

Get Citation

Keywords

radial artery; branches; variations; cadaver

About this article
Title

The radial artery and its variations: anatomical study and clinical implications

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 71, No 4 (2012)

Pages

252-262

Published online

2012-11-30

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 2012;71(4):252-262.

Keywords

radial artery
branches
variations
cadaver

Authors

A. Y. Nasr

Important: This website uses cookies. More >>

The cookies allow us to identify your computer and find out details about your last visit. They remembering whether you've visited the site before, so that you remain logged in - or to help us work out how many new website visitors we get each month. Most internet browsers accept cookies automatically, but you can change the settings of your browser to erase cookies or prevent automatic acceptance if you prefer.

By  "Via Medica sp. z o.o." sp.k., Świętokrzyska 73, 80–180 Gdańsk, Poland

tel.:+48 58 320 94 94, faks:+48 58 320 94 60, e-mail:  viamedica@viamedica.pl