open access

Vol 69, No 1 (2010)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2010-03-09
Submitted: 2012-02-06
Get Citation

Superficial temporal artery among Kenyans: pattern of branching and its relation to pericranial structures

P. Mwachaka, S. Sinkeet, J. Ogeng’o
Folia Morphol 2010;69(1):51-53.

open access

Vol 69, No 1 (2010)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2010-03-09
Submitted: 2012-02-06

Abstract

The superficial temporal artery, one of the terminal branches of the external carotid artery, is used for temporoparietal, parieto-occipital flaps and forehead flaps in reconstructive surgery. The topographic anatomy of this artery exhibits ethnic variations. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the branching pattern of the superficial temporal artery and its relation to specified landmarks in the pericranial region among Kenyans. Sixty superficial temporal arteries from thirty adult cadavers (18 male, 12 female), obtained from the Department of Human Anatomy, were examined during dissection. The number of branches and pattern of branching of the superficial temporal artery was recorded. Specific measurements were taken from the branching point to the lateral canthus, tragus, and midpoint of the arch of the zygoma. Classical bifurcation into a parietal and a frontal branch was seen in 16 (53.3%) cases. Double frontal and double parietal branches were reported in 26.7% and 13.3% of cases, respectively. Only two cases had a trifurcation. The point of origin of the branches in most cases (80%) was above the arch of the zygoma. The mean distance to the midpoint of the arch of the zygoma was 50.8 ± 20.9 mm, to the lateral canthus 58.6 ± 24.3 mm, and to the tragus 44.1 ± 18.5 mm. The branching pattern among Kenyans, therefore, differs from the classical descriptions. A good understanding of the forehead vascularity aids in the design of flaps and minimizes postoperative complications.
Folia Morphol 2010; 69, 1: 51-53

Abstract

The superficial temporal artery, one of the terminal branches of the external carotid artery, is used for temporoparietal, parieto-occipital flaps and forehead flaps in reconstructive surgery. The topographic anatomy of this artery exhibits ethnic variations. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the branching pattern of the superficial temporal artery and its relation to specified landmarks in the pericranial region among Kenyans. Sixty superficial temporal arteries from thirty adult cadavers (18 male, 12 female), obtained from the Department of Human Anatomy, were examined during dissection. The number of branches and pattern of branching of the superficial temporal artery was recorded. Specific measurements were taken from the branching point to the lateral canthus, tragus, and midpoint of the arch of the zygoma. Classical bifurcation into a parietal and a frontal branch was seen in 16 (53.3%) cases. Double frontal and double parietal branches were reported in 26.7% and 13.3% of cases, respectively. Only two cases had a trifurcation. The point of origin of the branches in most cases (80%) was above the arch of the zygoma. The mean distance to the midpoint of the arch of the zygoma was 50.8 ± 20.9 mm, to the lateral canthus 58.6 ± 24.3 mm, and to the tragus 44.1 ± 18.5 mm. The branching pattern among Kenyans, therefore, differs from the classical descriptions. A good understanding of the forehead vascularity aids in the design of flaps and minimizes postoperative complications.
Folia Morphol 2010; 69, 1: 51-53
Get Citation

Keywords

superficial temporal artery; Kenyans; reconstructive surgery

About this article
Title

Superficial temporal artery among Kenyans: pattern of branching and its relation to pericranial structures

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 69, No 1 (2010)

Pages

51-53

Published online

2010-03-09

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 2010;69(1):51-53.

Keywords

superficial temporal artery
Kenyans
reconstructive surgery

Authors

P. Mwachaka
S. Sinkeet
J. Ogeng’o

Important: This website uses cookies. More >>

The cookies allow us to identify your computer and find out details about your last visit. They remembering whether you've visited the site before, so that you remain logged in - or to help us work out how many new website visitors we get each month. Most internet browsers accept cookies automatically, but you can change the settings of your browser to erase cookies or prevent automatic acceptance if you prefer.

By  "Via Medica sp. z o.o." sp.k., Świętokrzyska 73, 80–180 Gdańsk, Poland

tel.:+48 58 320 94 94, faks:+48 58 320 94 60, e-mail:  viamedica@viamedica.pl