Vol 53, No 2 (2015)
Brief communication
Published online: 2015-07-29

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Differential resistance of human embryonic stem cells and somatic cell types to hydrogen peroxide-induced genotoxicity may be dependent on innate basal intracellular ROS levels

Kumar Jayaseelan Vinoth, Jayapal Manikandan, Swaminathan Sethu, Lakshmidevi Balakrishnan, Alexis Heng, Kai Lu, Anuradha Poonepalli, Manoor Prakash Hande, Tong Cao
DOI: 10.5603/FHC.a2015.0016
Pubmed: 26156296
Folia Histochem Cytobiol 2015;53(2):169-174.

Abstract

Previously, we demonstrated that undifferentiated human embryonic stem cells (hESC) displayed higher resistance to oxidative and genotoxic stress compared to somatic cells, but did not further probe the underlying mechanisms. Using H2O2-induced genotoxicity as a model, this study investigated whether higher resistance of hESC to oxidative and genotoxic stress could be due to lower innate basal intracellular levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), as compared to their differentiated fibroblastic progenies (H1F) and two other somatic cell types — human embryonic palatal mesenchymal (HEPM) cells and peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL). Comet assay demonstrated that undifferentiated hESC consistently sustained lower levels of DNA damage upon acute exposure to H2O2 for 30 min, compared to somatic cells. DCFDA and HE staining with flow cytometry showed that undifferentiated hESC had lower innate basal intracellular levels of reactive oxygen species compared to somatic cells, which could lead to their higher resistance to genotoxic stress upon acute exposure to H2O2.

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