open access

Vol 51, No 2 (2013)
Original paper
Submitted: 2013-05-06
Accepted: 2013-06-21
Published online: 2013-08-02
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Tissue expression of S100 proteins in gallbladder mucosa of the patients with calculous cholecystitis

Mirosław Szmyt, Aldona Kasprzak, Wojciech Malkowski, Joanna Surdyk-Zasada, Wiesława Przybyszewska, Elżbieta Siodła, Agnieszka Seraszek-Jaros, Joanna Jagielska
DOI: 10.5603/FHC.2013.0022
·
Folia Histochem Cytobiol 2013;51(2):141-148.

open access

Vol 51, No 2 (2013)
ORIGINAL PAPERS
Submitted: 2013-05-06
Accepted: 2013-06-21
Published online: 2013-08-02

Abstract

Proteins of S100 group, produced by phagocytes represent endogenous activators of innate immune responses. Role of these proteins in the etiopathogenesis of cholelithiasis remains unknown. The studies aimed at the morphometric evaluation of S100A8 and S100A9 protein expression in gallbladder mucosa in patients with acute and chronic calculous cholecystitis (n = 71). The presence of proteins was detected by immunohistochemistry while quantitative analysis employed the spatial visualization technique. We found the immunopositive expression of the two studied S100 proteins in neutrophils and monocytes/macrophages of the gallbladder’s wall and a higher expression in acute cholecystitis. Quantitative study revealed higher immunoexpression of S100A9 over S100A8 in both studied groups of patients. Moreover, a reciprocal linear relationship between the expression of the studied proteins and a positive correlation between expression of either S100A8 or S100A9 and inflammatory activity (grading) in the gallbladder wall were found. The expression of S100A8 protein in the chronic cholecystitis group and in older patients correlated with leukocytosis, which suggests the role of S100A8 particularly at the chronic stage of cholecystitis. The obtained results indicated close relationship between S100A8 and S100A9 proteins in their proinflammatory functions. The increased expression of only one of them can be recognized as a useful index of local inflammatory activity in calculous cholecystitis.

Abstract

Proteins of S100 group, produced by phagocytes represent endogenous activators of innate immune responses. Role of these proteins in the etiopathogenesis of cholelithiasis remains unknown. The studies aimed at the morphometric evaluation of S100A8 and S100A9 protein expression in gallbladder mucosa in patients with acute and chronic calculous cholecystitis (n = 71). The presence of proteins was detected by immunohistochemistry while quantitative analysis employed the spatial visualization technique. We found the immunopositive expression of the two studied S100 proteins in neutrophils and monocytes/macrophages of the gallbladder’s wall and a higher expression in acute cholecystitis. Quantitative study revealed higher immunoexpression of S100A9 over S100A8 in both studied groups of patients. Moreover, a reciprocal linear relationship between the expression of the studied proteins and a positive correlation between expression of either S100A8 or S100A9 and inflammatory activity (grading) in the gallbladder wall were found. The expression of S100A8 protein in the chronic cholecystitis group and in older patients correlated with leukocytosis, which suggests the role of S100A8 particularly at the chronic stage of cholecystitis. The obtained results indicated close relationship between S100A8 and S100A9 proteins in their proinflammatory functions. The increased expression of only one of them can be recognized as a useful index of local inflammatory activity in calculous cholecystitis.

Get Citation

Keywords

cholelithiasis; S100A8/A9, immunocytochemistry

About this article
Title

Tissue expression of S100 proteins in gallbladder mucosa of the patients with calculous cholecystitis

Journal

Folia Histochemica et Cytobiologica

Issue

Vol 51, No 2 (2013)

Article type

Original paper

Pages

141-148

Published online

2013-08-02

DOI

10.5603/FHC.2013.0022

Bibliographic record

Folia Histochem Cytobiol 2013;51(2):141-148.

Keywords

cholelithiasis
S100A8/A9
immunocytochemistry

Authors

Mirosław Szmyt
Aldona Kasprzak
Wojciech Malkowski
Joanna Surdyk-Zasada
Wiesława Przybyszewska
Elżbieta Siodła
Agnieszka Seraszek-Jaros
Joanna Jagielska

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