Vol 49, No 4 (2011)
Original paper
Published online: 2012-01-16

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Videostroboscopic and morphological aspects of voice disturbances in patients with larynx atrophy and coexisting hypopharynx cancer

Bożena Kosztyła-Hojna, Anna Andrzejewska, Diana Moskal, Joanna Kasperuk, Dawid Falkowski, Marek Rogowski
DOI: 10.5603/FHC.2011.0090
Folia Histochem Cytobiol 2011;49(4):659-663.

Abstract

Vocal folds play a crucial role in voice production. The physiological vibrations of vocal folds depend on the unchanged multilayered structure of the vocal folds mucosa. Morphological changes of mucosa are the cause of voice quality disorders — dysphonia. The aim of this study was to determine the morphological base of dysphonia in patients with vocal folds atrophy. A group of 24 patients with larynx atrophy confirmed by endoscopic (VLS) and stroboscopic (VLSS) examination of the larynx was included in the study. The morphological assessment of the larynx mucosa was carried out with the use of the transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Ultramorphological examinations revealed changes in the epithelium, basal membrane and lamina propria of the vocal folds mucosa. An increased number of collagenous fibers, fibroblasts with signs of vacuolar degeneration inflammatory cells and a decreased number of blood vessels and pericytes were observed. Morphological changes found in the epithelium, basal membrane and lamina propria of the vocal folds mucosa were the cause of disorders of vocal folds vibrations registered in the stroboscopic examination of the larynx (VLSS). (Folia Histochemica et Cytobiologica 2011; Vol. 49, No. 4, pp. 659–663)

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