open access

Vol 16, No 4 (2021)
Review paper
Get Citation

Non-invasive methods of cardiac output measurement and their importance in everyday clinical practice: the current state of knowledge

Patrycja Stępniak1, Andrzej Cacko, Agnieszka Kołodzińska, Marcin Grabowski
DOI: 10.5603/FC.2021.0036
·
Folia Cardiologica 2021;16(4):237-241.
Affiliations
  1. 1st Department of Cardiology, Central Teaching Hospital, Medical University of Warsaw, Poland

open access

Vol 16, No 4 (2021)
Review Papers

Abstract

Cardiac output is an important parameter in the evaluation of the patients’ haemodynamic status which can be measured using a number of methods with varying degrees of invasiveness. These include invasive (such as pulmonary artery catheterization, transpulmonary thermodilution, lithium dilution), minimally invasive (catheter-based arterial pressure curve contour analysis, transoesophageal Doppler) and non-invasive (electrical bioimpedance, transthoracic echocardiography, measurement of exhaled CO2, continuous non-invasive blood pressure measurement) techniques. With advances in medicine, the role of non-invasive methods as an alternative to pulmonary artery catheterization continues to grow. The undoubted advantage of non-invasive methods is their safety for the patients and their wide availability. In contrast, invasive methods are characterized by greater measurement precision. It is up to the physician to choose the most appropriate haemodynamic monitoring method depending on the clinical situation. The aim of this article is to discuss non-invasive cardiac output measurement techniques and their application in everyday clinical practice.

Abstract

Cardiac output is an important parameter in the evaluation of the patients’ haemodynamic status which can be measured using a number of methods with varying degrees of invasiveness. These include invasive (such as pulmonary artery catheterization, transpulmonary thermodilution, lithium dilution), minimally invasive (catheter-based arterial pressure curve contour analysis, transoesophageal Doppler) and non-invasive (electrical bioimpedance, transthoracic echocardiography, measurement of exhaled CO2, continuous non-invasive blood pressure measurement) techniques. With advances in medicine, the role of non-invasive methods as an alternative to pulmonary artery catheterization continues to grow. The undoubted advantage of non-invasive methods is their safety for the patients and their wide availability. In contrast, invasive methods are characterized by greater measurement precision. It is up to the physician to choose the most appropriate haemodynamic monitoring method depending on the clinical situation. The aim of this article is to discuss non-invasive cardiac output measurement techniques and their application in everyday clinical practice.

Get Citation

Keywords

cardiac output, non-invasive measurement, pulse wave analysis

About this article
Title

Non-invasive methods of cardiac output measurement and their importance in everyday clinical practice: the current state of knowledge

Journal

Folia Cardiologica

Issue

Vol 16, No 4 (2021)

Article type

Review paper

Pages

237-241

DOI

10.5603/FC.2021.0036

Bibliographic record

Folia Cardiologica 2021;16(4):237-241.

Keywords

cardiac output
non-invasive measurement
pulse wave analysis

Authors

Patrycja Stępniak
Andrzej Cacko
Agnieszka Kołodzińska
Marcin Grabowski

Regulations

Important: This website uses cookies. More >>

The cookies allow us to identify your computer and find out details about your last visit. They remembering whether you've visited the site before, so that you remain logged in - or to help us work out how many new website visitors we get each month. Most internet browsers accept cookies automatically, but you can change the settings of your browser to erase cookies or prevent automatic acceptance if you prefer.

 

Wydawcą serwisu jest  "Via Medica sp. z o.o." sp.k., ul. Świętokrzyska 73, 80–180 Gdańsk

tel.:+48 58 320 94 94, faks:+48 58 320 94 60, e-mail:  viamedica@viamedica.pl