open access

Vol 72, No 6 (2021)
Brief communication
Submitted: 2021-07-06
Accepted: 2021-07-17
Published online: 2021-08-06
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The effects of selenium supplementation on antibody titres in patients with Hashimoto’s thyroiditis

Lan-Feng Wang12, Rong-Xin Sun12, Chen-Fei Li12, Xu-Hong Wang12
DOI: 10.5603/EP.a2021.0074
·
Pubmed: 34378788
·
Endokrynologia Polska 2021;72(6):666-667.
Affiliations
  1. Center for Endocrine Metabolism and Immune Diseases, Beijing Luhe Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China
  2. Beijing Key Laboratory of Diabetes Research and Care, Beijing, China

open access

Vol 72, No 6 (2021)
Short communication
Submitted: 2021-07-06
Accepted: 2021-07-17
Published online: 2021-08-06

Abstract

Introduction: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of selenium supplementation on autoantibody titres, thyroid ultrasonography, and thyroid function in patients with Hashimoto’s thyroiditis (autoimmune thyroiditis) and normal thyroid reference range.

Material and methods: A total of 100 patients were given 200 ug/d selenium yeast orally, their thyroid function, levels of serum selenium, thyroid peroxidase antibodies (TPOAb), thyroglobulin antibodies (TGAb), and urine iodine were measured, and thyroid ultrasonography was performed before administration and three and six months afterwards, and the data were statistically analysed.

Results: The subjects exhibited a selenium deficiency before the administration of selenium, and the serum levels increased to moderate levels three and six months after the selenium supplementation (p < 0.05). The titres of TGAb decreased significantly in patients after six months of selenium supplementation (p < 0.05). In the high antibody group, TgAb decreased after 6 months compared with baseline (p = p < 0.05), and TPOAb decreased after 3 and 6 months of selenium supplementation compared with baseline (p < 0.05).

Conclusion: In patients with autoimmune thyroiditis and normal thyroid reference range, there was a general selenium deficiency, but after six months of treatment it was shown that selenium supplementation may be effective in reducing the titres of TGAb and TPOAb.

Abstract

Introduction: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of selenium supplementation on autoantibody titres, thyroid ultrasonography, and thyroid function in patients with Hashimoto’s thyroiditis (autoimmune thyroiditis) and normal thyroid reference range.

Material and methods: A total of 100 patients were given 200 ug/d selenium yeast orally, their thyroid function, levels of serum selenium, thyroid peroxidase antibodies (TPOAb), thyroglobulin antibodies (TGAb), and urine iodine were measured, and thyroid ultrasonography was performed before administration and three and six months afterwards, and the data were statistically analysed.

Results: The subjects exhibited a selenium deficiency before the administration of selenium, and the serum levels increased to moderate levels three and six months after the selenium supplementation (p < 0.05). The titres of TGAb decreased significantly in patients after six months of selenium supplementation (p < 0.05). In the high antibody group, TgAb decreased after 6 months compared with baseline (p = p < 0.05), and TPOAb decreased after 3 and 6 months of selenium supplementation compared with baseline (p < 0.05).

Conclusion: In patients with autoimmune thyroiditis and normal thyroid reference range, there was a general selenium deficiency, but after six months of treatment it was shown that selenium supplementation may be effective in reducing the titres of TGAb and TPOAb.

Get Citation

Keywords

selenium yeast; Hashimoto’s thyroiditis; thyroglobulin antibody; thyroid peroxidase antibody

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About this article
Title

The effects of selenium supplementation on antibody titres in patients with Hashimoto’s thyroiditis

Journal

Endokrynologia Polska

Issue

Vol 72, No 6 (2021)

Article type

Brief communication

Pages

666-667

Published online

2021-08-06

DOI

10.5603/EP.a2021.0074

Pubmed

34378788

Bibliographic record

Endokrynologia Polska 2021;72(6):666-667.

Keywords

selenium yeast
Hashimoto’s thyroiditis
thyroglobulin antibody
thyroid peroxidase antibody

Authors

Lan-Feng Wang
Rong-Xin Sun
Chen-Fei Li
Xu-Hong Wang

References (5)
  1. Caturegli P, De Remigis A, Rose NR. Hashimoto thyroiditis: clinical and diagnostic criteria. Autoimmun Rev. 2014; 13(4-5): 391–397.
  2. Vanderpump M. The epidemiology of thyroid disease. Br Med Bull. 2011; 99(1): 39–51.
  3. Rizzo M, Rossi RT, Bonaffini O, et al. Increased annual frequency of Hashimoto's thyroiditis between years 1988 and 2007 at a cytological unit of Sicily. Ann Endocrinol (Paris). 2010; 71(6): 525–534.
  4. Zhao H, Tian Y, Liu Z, et al. Correlation between iodine intake and thyroid disorders: a cross-sectional study from the South of China. Biol Trace Elem Res. 2014; 162(1-3): 87–94.
  5. Guastamacchia E, Giagulli VA, Licchelli B, et al. Selenium and Iodine in Autoimmune Thyroiditis. Endocr Metab Immune Disord Drug Targets. 2015; 15(4): 288–292.

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