open access

Vol 64, No 4 (2013)
Postgraduate education
Published online: 2013-09-04
Submitted: 2013-09-04
Accepted: 2013-09-04
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Practical guidelines for the supplementation of vitamin D and the treatment of deficits in Central Europe — recommended vitamin D intakes in the general population and groups at risk of vitamin D deficiency

Paweł Płudowski, Elżbieta Karczmarewicz, Milan Bayer, Graham Carter, Danuta Chlebna-Sokół, Justyna Czech-Kowalska, Romuald Dębski, Tamas Decsi, Anna Dobrzańska, Edward Franek, Piotr Głuszko, William B. Grant, Michael F. Holick, Liudmila Yankovskaya, Jerzy Konstantynowicz, Janusz B. Książyk, Krystyna Księżopolska-Orłowska, Andrzej Lewiński, Mieczysław Litwin, Szimonetta Lohner, Roman S. Lorenc, Jacek Łukaszkiewicz, Ewa Marcinowska-Suchowierska, Andrzej Milewicz, Waldemar Misiorowski, Michał Nowicki, Vladyslav Povoroznyuk, Piotr Rozentryt, Ema Rudenka, Yehuda Shoenfeld, Piotr Socha, Bogdan Solnica, Mieczysław Szalecki, Marek Tałałaj, Szabolcs Varbiro, Michał A. Żmijewski
DOI: 10.5603/EP.2013.0012
·
Endokrynologia Polska 2013;64(4):319-327.

open access

Vol 64, No 4 (2013)
Postgraduate education
Published online: 2013-09-04
Submitted: 2013-09-04
Accepted: 2013-09-04

Abstract

Introduction: Adequate Vitamin D intake and its concentration in serum are important for bone health and calcium–phosphate metabolismas well as for optimal function of many organs and tissues. Documented trends in lifestyle, nutritional habits and physical activityappear to be associated with moderate or severe Vitamin D deficits resulting in health problems. Most epidemiological studies suggest thatVitamin D deficiency is prevalent among Central European populations. Concern about this problem led to the organising of a conferencefocused on overcoming Vitamin D deficiency.

Methods: After reviewing the epidemiological evidence and relevant literature, a Polish multidisciplinary group formulated theses onrecommendations for Vitamin D screening and supplementation in the general population. These theses were subsequently sent to ScientificCommittee members of the ‘Vitamin D — minimum, maximum, optimum’ conference for evaluation based on a ten-point scale.With 550 international attendees, the meeting ‘Vitamin D — minimum, maximum, optimum’ was held on October 19–20, 2012 in Warsaw(Poland). Most recent scientific evidence of both skeletal and non-skeletal effects of Vitamin D as well as the results of panellists’ votingwere reviewed and discussed during eight plenary sessions and two workshops.

Results: Based on many polemical discussions, including post-conference networking, the key opinion leaders established ranges ofserum 25-hydroxyVitamin D concentration indicating Vitamin D deficiency [< 20 ng/mL (< 50 nmol/L)], suboptimal status [20–30 ng/mL(50–75 nmol/L)], and target concentration for optimal Vitamin D effects [30–50 ng/mL (75–125 nmol/L)]. General practical guidelines regardingsupplementation and updated recommendations for prophylactic Vitamin D intakes in Central European neonates, infants, childrenand adolescents as well as in adults (including recommendations for pregnant and breastfeeding women and the elderly) were developed.

Conclusions: Improving the Vitamin D status of children, adolescents, adults and the elderly must be included in the priorities of physicians,healthcare professionals and healthcare regulating bodies. The present paper offers elaborated consensus on supplementationguidance and population strategies for Vitamin D in Central Europe.

Abstract

Introduction: Adequate Vitamin D intake and its concentration in serum are important for bone health and calcium–phosphate metabolismas well as for optimal function of many organs and tissues. Documented trends in lifestyle, nutritional habits and physical activityappear to be associated with moderate or severe Vitamin D deficits resulting in health problems. Most epidemiological studies suggest thatVitamin D deficiency is prevalent among Central European populations. Concern about this problem led to the organising of a conferencefocused on overcoming Vitamin D deficiency.

Methods: After reviewing the epidemiological evidence and relevant literature, a Polish multidisciplinary group formulated theses onrecommendations for Vitamin D screening and supplementation in the general population. These theses were subsequently sent to ScientificCommittee members of the ‘Vitamin D — minimum, maximum, optimum’ conference for evaluation based on a ten-point scale.With 550 international attendees, the meeting ‘Vitamin D — minimum, maximum, optimum’ was held on October 19–20, 2012 in Warsaw(Poland). Most recent scientific evidence of both skeletal and non-skeletal effects of Vitamin D as well as the results of panellists’ votingwere reviewed and discussed during eight plenary sessions and two workshops.

Results: Based on many polemical discussions, including post-conference networking, the key opinion leaders established ranges ofserum 25-hydroxyVitamin D concentration indicating Vitamin D deficiency [< 20 ng/mL (< 50 nmol/L)], suboptimal status [20–30 ng/mL(50–75 nmol/L)], and target concentration for optimal Vitamin D effects [30–50 ng/mL (75–125 nmol/L)]. General practical guidelines regardingsupplementation and updated recommendations for prophylactic Vitamin D intakes in Central European neonates, infants, childrenand adolescents as well as in adults (including recommendations for pregnant and breastfeeding women and the elderly) were developed.

Conclusions: Improving the Vitamin D status of children, adolescents, adults and the elderly must be included in the priorities of physicians,healthcare professionals and healthcare regulating bodies. The present paper offers elaborated consensus on supplementationguidance and population strategies for Vitamin D in Central Europe.

Citation Formats

Keywords

vitamin D deficiency, 25-hydroxyvitamin-D, general population guidelines, risk groups, Central Europe, supplementation

About this article
Title

Practical guidelines for the supplementation of vitamin D and the treatment of deficits in Central Europe — recommended vitamin D intakes in the general population and groups at risk of vitamin D deficiency

Journal

Endokrynologia Polska

Issue

Vol 64, No 4 (2013)

Pages

319-327

Published online

2013-09-04

DOI

10.5603/EP.2013.0012

Bibliographic record

Endokrynologia Polska 2013;64(4):319-327.

Keywords

vitamin D deficiency
25-hydroxyvitamin-D
general population guidelines
risk groups
Central Europe
supplementation

Authors

Paweł Płudowski
Elżbieta Karczmarewicz
Milan Bayer
Graham Carter
Danuta Chlebna-Sokół
Justyna Czech-Kowalska
Romuald Dębski
Tamas Decsi
Anna Dobrzańska
Edward Franek
Piotr Głuszko
William B. Grant
Michael F. Holick
Liudmila Yankovskaya
Jerzy Konstantynowicz
Janusz B. Książyk
Krystyna Księżopolska-Orłowska
Andrzej Lewiński
Mieczysław Litwin
Szimonetta Lohner
Roman S. Lorenc
Jacek Łukaszkiewicz
Ewa Marcinowska-Suchowierska
Andrzej Milewicz
Waldemar Misiorowski
Michał Nowicki
Vladyslav Povoroznyuk
Piotr Rozentryt
Ema Rudenka
Yehuda Shoenfeld
Piotr Socha
Bogdan Solnica
Mieczysław Szalecki
Marek Tałałaj
Szabolcs Varbiro
Michał A. Żmijewski

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