open access

Vol 6, No 4 (2017)
Original articles (submitted)
Published online: 2017-11-17
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Association of food choices during pregnancy with gestational diabetes mellitus

Mariusz Dąbrowski, Daria Pawluś
DOI: 10.5603/DK.2017.0022
·
Clinical Diabetology 2017;6(4):131-135.

open access

Vol 6, No 4 (2017)
Original articles (submitted)
Published online: 2017-11-17

Abstract

Introduction. Prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is continuously increasing worldwide. Nutritional factors are considered to play important role in GDM development. The aim of this pilot study was to assess a relationship between frequency of consuming particular foods and GDM. Also pre-pregnancy BMI, weight gain during gestation, maternal age, pregnancy week at the time of delivery, newborn birthweight, family history of diabetes, educational status and place of residence were included into analysis.

Material and methods. Study group consisted of 25 women who developed GDM, while control group consisted of 25 age-matched women with normal glucose tolerance (NGT) during gestation. All study participants completed the food frequency questionnaire with additional socio-demographic, anthropometric and pregnancy course data.

Results. Women with GDM significantly more frequent consumed white bread, white rice, sausages/frankfurters and fast-foods, while they significantly less frequent consumed wholegrain bread, milk, sour dairy products, fruit and vegetables. They had also higher pre-pregnancy BMI, greater weight gain during pregnancy, and their newborns had higher birthweight.

Conclusions. Results of our study indicate a crucial role of food choices during pregnancy in GDM development. It also indicate the need for professional dietary advice from the very beginning of gestation or even before conception, and during the entire pregnancy.  

Abstract

Introduction. Prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is continuously increasing worldwide. Nutritional factors are considered to play important role in GDM development. The aim of this pilot study was to assess a relationship between frequency of consuming particular foods and GDM. Also pre-pregnancy BMI, weight gain during gestation, maternal age, pregnancy week at the time of delivery, newborn birthweight, family history of diabetes, educational status and place of residence were included into analysis.

Material and methods. Study group consisted of 25 women who developed GDM, while control group consisted of 25 age-matched women with normal glucose tolerance (NGT) during gestation. All study participants completed the food frequency questionnaire with additional socio-demographic, anthropometric and pregnancy course data.

Results. Women with GDM significantly more frequent consumed white bread, white rice, sausages/frankfurters and fast-foods, while they significantly less frequent consumed wholegrain bread, milk, sour dairy products, fruit and vegetables. They had also higher pre-pregnancy BMI, greater weight gain during pregnancy, and their newborns had higher birthweight.

Conclusions. Results of our study indicate a crucial role of food choices during pregnancy in GDM development. It also indicate the need for professional dietary advice from the very beginning of gestation or even before conception, and during the entire pregnancy.  

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Keywords

gestational diabetes mellitus, body mass index, food, dietary habits, pregnancy

About this article
Title

Association of food choices during pregnancy with gestational diabetes mellitus

Journal

Clinical Diabetology

Issue

Vol 6, No 4 (2017)

Pages

131-135

Published online

2017-11-17

DOI

10.5603/DK.2017.0022

Bibliographic record

Clinical Diabetology 2017;6(4):131-135.

Keywords

gestational diabetes mellitus
body mass index
food
dietary habits
pregnancy

Authors

Mariusz Dąbrowski
Daria Pawluś

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