open access

Vol 26, No 6 (2019)
Original articles — Clinical cardiology
Published online: 2018-11-26
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The effect of acetylsalicylic acid dosed at bedtime on the anti-aggregation effect in patients with coronary heart disease and arterial hypertension: A randomized, controlled trial

Beata Krasińska, Lech Paluszkiewicz, Ewa Miciak-Lawicka, Maciej Krasiński, Piotr Rzymski, Andrzej Tykarski, Zbigniew Krasiński
DOI: 10.5603/CJ.a2018.0142
·
Pubmed: 30484269
·
Cardiol J 2019;26(6):727-735.

open access

Vol 26, No 6 (2019)
Original articles — Clinical cardiology
Published online: 2018-11-26

Abstract

Background: Acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) is one of the basic drugs used in the secondary prevention of
coronary artery disease (CAD), and in most cases it is taken in the morning in one daily dose. It is suggested
that the morning peak of platelet aggregation is responsible for the occurrence of myocardial infarctions
and strokes. Hence, the aim of the study was to observe the effect of ASA (morning vs. evening)
dosing on the anti-aggregative effect of platelets in patients with CAD and arterial hypertension (AH).
Methods: The study involved 175 patients with CAD and AH. Patients were randomly assigned to
one of two study groups, taking ASA in the morning or in the evening. The patients had two visits, one
baseline and another after 3 months from changing the time of ASA dosage. The platelet aggregation
was determined using the VerifyNow analyzer.
Results: In the ASA evening group, a significant reduction in platelet aggregation was obtained. In
the ASA morning group, a significant difference in response to ASA was observed, depending on sex. In
men, the reactivity of platelets decreased, but in women it increased.
Conclusions: In the group of patients with CAD and AH, bedtime ASA dosing is associated with
a significant reduction in platelet aggregation. The response to ASA may differ between sexes. The benefit
gained by changing the drug administration from the morning to the evening is greater in women.

Abstract

Background: Acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) is one of the basic drugs used in the secondary prevention of
coronary artery disease (CAD), and in most cases it is taken in the morning in one daily dose. It is suggested
that the morning peak of platelet aggregation is responsible for the occurrence of myocardial infarctions
and strokes. Hence, the aim of the study was to observe the effect of ASA (morning vs. evening)
dosing on the anti-aggregative effect of platelets in patients with CAD and arterial hypertension (AH).
Methods: The study involved 175 patients with CAD and AH. Patients were randomly assigned to
one of two study groups, taking ASA in the morning or in the evening. The patients had two visits, one
baseline and another after 3 months from changing the time of ASA dosage. The platelet aggregation
was determined using the VerifyNow analyzer.
Results: In the ASA evening group, a significant reduction in platelet aggregation was obtained. In
the ASA morning group, a significant difference in response to ASA was observed, depending on sex. In
men, the reactivity of platelets decreased, but in women it increased.
Conclusions: In the group of patients with CAD and AH, bedtime ASA dosing is associated with
a significant reduction in platelet aggregation. The response to ASA may differ between sexes. The benefit
gained by changing the drug administration from the morning to the evening is greater in women.

Get Citation

Keywords

acetylsalicylic acid, platelet aggregation, bedtime administration, chronotherapy, circadian rhythm, gender-dependence, randomized controlled tria

About this article
Title

The effect of acetylsalicylic acid dosed at bedtime on the anti-aggregation effect in patients with coronary heart disease and arterial hypertension: A randomized, controlled trial

Journal

Cardiology Journal

Issue

Vol 26, No 6 (2019)

Pages

727-735

Published online

2018-11-26

DOI

10.5603/CJ.a2018.0142

Pubmed

30484269

Bibliographic record

Cardiol J 2019;26(6):727-735.

Keywords

acetylsalicylic acid
platelet aggregation
bedtime administration
chronotherapy
circadian rhythm
gender-dependence
randomized controlled tria

Authors

Beata Krasińska
Lech Paluszkiewicz
Ewa Miciak-Lawicka
Maciej Krasiński
Piotr Rzymski
Andrzej Tykarski
Zbigniew Krasiński

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