Vol 30, No 3 (2023)
Image in Cardiovascular Medicine
Published online: 2023-06-13

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Left-anterior descending chronic total occlusion percutaneous coronary intervention complicated by great cardiac vein fistula: An unusual route for intravascular ultrasound guided successful recanalization

Roberto Garbo1, Ovidio De Filippo2, Federico Conrotto2, Mauro Pennone2
Pubmed: 37334493
Cardiol J 2023;30(3):489-490.

Abstract

Not available
18_CJ_2023_3_Garbo_93914

interventionAL CARDIOLOGY

IMAGE IN CARDIOVASCULAR MEDICINE

Left-anterior descending chronic total occlusion percutaneous coronary intervention complicated by great cardiac vein fistula: An unusual route for intravascular ultrasound guided successful recanalization

Cardiology Journal

2023, Vol. 30, No. 3, 489–490

DOI: 10.5603/CJ.2023.0038

Copyright © 2023 Via Medica

ISSN 1897–5593

eISSN 1898–018X

Roberto Garbo1, Ovidio De Filippo2, Federico Conrotto2, Mauro Pennone2

1Interventional Cardiology Unit, Maria Pia Hospital, GVM Care and Research, Turin, Italy

2Division of Cardiology, Cardiovascular and Thoracic Department, “Citta della Salute e della Scienza” Hospital, Turin, Italy

Address for correspondence: Ovidio De Filippo, MD, Division of Cardiology, Cardiovascular and Thoracic Department, “Citta della Salute e della Scienza” Hospital, Turin, Italy, tel: +39 011 633 6023, fax: +39 011 633 6769, e-mail: ovidio.defilippo@gmail.com

Received: 29.01.2023 Accepted: 12.03.2023

This article is available in open access under Creative Common Attribution-Non-Commercial-No Derivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) license, allowing to download articles and share them with others as long as they credit the authors and the publisher, but without permission to change them in any way or use them commercially.

A 52-year-old gentleman, previously revascularized with double arterial conduit to left anterior descending (LAD) artery and to intermediate ramus branch, was admitted for worsening angina; echocardiography showed preserved left ventricular function with inferior wall akinesia. Coronary angiography revealed chronic total occlusion (CTO) of the native mid LAD (Fig. 1A) and of the right coronary artery, together with the occlusion of the arterial grafts. Multidisciplinary discussion prioritized the CTO-percutaneous coronary intervention of the native LAD. Consequently, antegrade wire escalation technique was performed.

The occlusion was supposed to be crossed by Gaia 3rd guidewire (Asahi) and a gentle dilatation with 2.0 semicompliant balloon was performed. However, angiography revealed a LAD to great cardiac vein (GCV) fistula with complete opacification of coronary sinus (Fig. 1B). The patient had no hemodynamic compromise and echocardiography ruled out pericardial effusion. After 1 week a second attempt with intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) guidance was performed. The entry-point of the CTO proximal cap could be accurately identified in an IVUS pullback from the GCV (Fig. 1C), that was thus successfully penetrated with a Conquest Pro 12 (Asahi) stiff guidewire supported by Corsair pro XS 135 cm microcatheter (Asahi), after a failed attempt with a soft polymer jacketed guidewire (Fileder XTA, Asahi). After multiple pre-dilatations, two drug-eluting stents were deployed from distal LAD to left main. Angiography revealed persistence of the fistula that was finally sealed with the implantation of two expanded Polytetrafluoroethylene covered stents (BeGraft, Bentley). Final angiography revealed complete occlusion of LAD to GCV fistula and recanalization of LAD with final TIMI 3-flow (Fig. 1D). The patient was discharged 2 days later in good clinical condition.

Figure 1. A. Left anterior descending (LAD) occlusion (white arrow); B. LAD to great cardiac vein (GCV) fistula; blue arrow native LAD; red arrow fistula; yellow arrows GCV; black arrow coronary sinus; C. Intravascular ultrasound identification of LAD proximal cap of occlusion with probe located in the GCV; PC proximal cap; D. Final result of LAD percutaneous coronary intervention with complete sealing of the fistula.

Conflict of interest: None declared