Vol 31, No 1 (2024)
Original Article
Published online: 2023-07-28

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Long-term bio-functional performance of a novel, self-positioning balloon expandable transcatheter biological aortic valve system in the ovine aortic banding model

Piotr P. Buszman12, Mateusz Kachel21, Krzysztof P. Milewski23, Magdalena Michalak2, Wojciech Domaradzki2, Maciej Pruski Jr2, Michał Sobota4, Carlos Fernandez2, Karolina Łukasik2, Jerzy Nożyński5, Piotr Hirnle6, Paweł Kaźmierczak2, Andrzej Bochenek23, Paweł E. Buszman27
Pubmed: 37519054
Cardiol J 2024;31(1):124-132.


Background: The aim of the study was to evaluate bio-functionality of a novel, proprietary balloon-expandable biological transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) system (InFlow, CardValve Consortium, Poland) in an ovine model of aortic banding.

Methods: Surgical ascending aorta banding was created in 21 sheep. Two weeks later, 18 biological valves were implanted within the model using 15–16 F InFlow TAVI systems and carotid cut-down approach. Follow-up transthoracic echocardiography was performed at 30, 90, and 180-day. At designated time, animals were euthanized and valves harvested for analysis.

Results: All sheep survived the banding procedure. There were 4 (22%) procedure related deaths within a 7-day period. During the observation an additional 2 sheep died. In one, the valve dislocated after the procedure — the animal was excluded. Two animals completed 30-day follow up, five 90-day follow-up and four terminal follow-up of 180 days. Valves examined via transesophageal echocardiography showed proper hemodynamic parameters without evidence of structural valve deterioration. The maximum and average flow gradients at 180 days were 31.4 (23.3–37.7) and 17.5 (13.1–20.2) mmHg, respectively. There was one case of moderate insufficiency and no case of perivalvular leaks. By histopathology, there were no inflammation, thrombosis, nor calcifications in any tested valves at long-term follow-up. Neointimal coverage of stent struts increased with time from basal part in “early” groups to nearly 3/4 of stent length in the 180-day group. The pannus tissue showed maturation that increased with time with no stenotic “collar” visible in orthotopically implanted valves.

Conclusions: The study showed good hemodynamic performance, durability and biocompatibility of the novel biological THV.

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