Vol 29, No 5 (2022)
Image in Cardiovascular Medicine
Published online: 2022-09-29

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Flail tricuspid valve with torrential regurgitation caused by papillary fibroelastoma

Lingyun Fang1, Wenqian Wu12, Jing Wang12, Mingxing Xie12
Pubmed: 36196660
Cardiol J 2022;29(5):882-883.

Abstract

Not available

clinicAL CARDIOLOGY

IMAGE IN CARDIOVASCULAR MEDICINE

Cardiology Journal

2022, Vol. 29, No. 5, 882–883

DOI: 10.5603/CJ.2022.0085

Copyright © 2022 Via Medica

ISSN 1897–5593

eISSN 1898018X

Flail tricuspid valve with torrential regurgitation caused by papillary fibroelastoma

Lingyun Fang*12Wenqian Wu*12Jing Wang12Mingxing Xie12
1Department of Ultrasound Medicine, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China
2Hubei Province Key Laboratory of Molecular Imaging, Wuhan, China
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Address for correspondence: Jing Wang, MD, PhD, 1277 Jiefang Avenue, Wuhan, 430022, China, tel: 86-27-85726430, fax: 86-27-85726386, e-mail: jingwang2004@hust.edu.cn; Mingxing Xie, MD, PhD, 1277 Jiefang Avenue, Wuhan, 430022, China, tel: 86-27-85726430, fax: 86-27-85726386, e-mail: xiemx@hust.edu.cn

*Co-first author: Lingyun Fang, MD, PhD; Wenqian Wu, MD, PhD

Received: 20.02.2021 Accepted: 20.06.2022

This article is available in open access under Creative Common Attribution-Non-Commercial-No Derivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) license, allowing to download articles and share them with others as long as they credit the authors and the publisher, but without permission to change them in any way or use them commercially.

A 51-year-old male patient was admitted to our hospital with chest tightness, palpitation, and edema of both lower extremities. Transthoracic echocardiography showed flail tricuspid valve (TV) with torrential regurgitation, right ventricular dilation, and dysfunction (Fig. 1A–D, Suppl. Video S1). Furthermore, an echodense structure at the tips of the flail leaflet was identified as ruptured papillary muscle or chordae tendineae, which was thought to be the cause of torrential regurgitation (Fig. 1A, B). Transesophageal echocardiography confirmed tricuspid dysfunction and increased echodensity at the edge of the TV (Fig. 1E, F). The patient underwent tricuspid surgery. Intraoperative exposition of the TV showed a small mass on the cuspid-chordal junction of the anterior leaflet and involved chordae tendineae (Fig. 1G). Valve repairment was tried and failed during the procedure. Finally, a tricuspid bioprosthesis was implanted. The patient tolerated the procedure well. A pathological assessment of the resected mass determined it to be an unexpected papillary fibroelastoma (Fig. 1H).

Cardiac papillary fibroelastoma (CPF) is a rare primary benign tumor typically located on leaflets of the valve. Most CPF is asymptomatic and is incidentally found by autopsy. Typical echocardiographic features include a small, mobile mass with a pedicle attached to the leaflets. In this case, the neoplasm mimicked ruptured papillary muscle or chordae tendineae and had failed to be diagnosed by echocardiography. The challenge is that the mass was tiny and not easily identified as a neoplasm. This highlights the possibility of CPF is rare and a cause which severely affects tricuspid function, even in the absence of a significant mass on echocardiography.

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Figure 1. Echocardiographic, intraoperative, and histopathological images. Transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography shows the flail tricuspid valve and an echodense structure at the tips of the flail leaflet (yellow arrows) (A, C, E). The corresponding color Doppler images reveal the torrential regurgitation (B, D, F). Intraoperative photograph of the removed tricuspid valve and a tiny mass involving chordae (black arrow) (G). Histopathological examination in hematoxylin and eosin stain at 200 magnifications shows multiple avascular connective tissues surrounded by a single layer of endothelial cells (H); AO — aorta; RV right ventricle; RA right atrium; RAA right atrial appendage, TR tricuspid regurgitation.

Fundings

The National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 82001852) and the Nature Science Foundation of Hubei Province (No.2020CFB781).

Conflict of interest: None declared