Vol 31, No 1 (2024)
Original Article
Published online: 2022-05-13

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Predictive value of two different definitions of contrast-associated acute kidney injury for long-term major adverse kidney events in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention

Lian Chen1, Xiaolei Wang, Qianyun Wang2, Ding Ding3, Wenlong Jiang4, Zhengwen Ruan1, Weifeng Zhang2
Pubmed: 35578758
Cardiol J 2024;31(1):53-61.


Background: It remains controversial whether contrast-associated acute kidney injury (CA-AKI) is associated with long-term major adverse kidney events (MAKE) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: By the Acute Kidney Injury Network (AKIN) criteria, CA-AKI was defined as an increase in serum creatinine ≥ 0.3 mg/dL or 50% from baseline within 48 h after PCI; or an increase in serum creatinine ≥ 0.5 mg/dL or 25% within 72 h by the contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) criteria. The primary endpoint was 1-year MAKE, defined as a composite of all-cause mortality and persistent renal dysfunction. Results: A total of 402 patients were finally included in this study. The primary endpoint occurred in 29 (7.2%) patients. There was a significant association between CA-AKI and 1-year MAKE assessed by both the AKIN (hazard ratios [HR]: 11.58, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 4.29–31.24, p = 0.000) and CIN (HR: 6.45, 95% CI: 2.56–16.25, p = 0.000) definitions. However, the AKIN definition (HR: 4.95, 95% CI: 1.17–21.02, p = 0.030) was more reliable in the prediction of persistent renal dysfunction than CIN definition (HR: 4.08, 95% CI: 0.99–16.87, p = 0.052). Additionally, the area under receiver operating characteristic curve was larger for predicting 1-year MAKE with the AKIN definition than CIN definition (0.742 vs. 0.727). Conclusions: In patients with STEMI undergoing primary PCI, CA-AKI was significantly associated with 1-year MAKE. Moreover, the AKIN definition might be more reliable in the prediction of long-term prognosis.

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