Vol 28, No 4 (2021)
Original Article
Published online: 2021-04-23

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The impact of tricuspid annular geometry on outcome after percutaneous edge-to-edge repair for severe tricuspid regurgitation

Sylvia Otto1, Marija Velichkov1, Ali Hamadanchi1, P. Christian Schulze1, Sven Moebius-Winkler1
Pubmed: 33942279
Cardiol J 2021;28(4):579-588.


Background: Percutaneous tricuspid repair using the edge-to-edge technique is a novel treatment option. More data are needed to better understand which aspects predict a favorable outcome.
Methods: Twenty high-risk patients (78.6 ± 8.3 years, EuroScore II 9.1 ± 7.7%, STS score 8.8 ± 4.3) with severe symptomatic tricuspid regurgitation (TR) were treated with the MitraClip® system. All patients underwent standardized pre-, peri-, and post-procedural evaluation. Acute success was defined as successful edge-to-edge repair with TR reduction of ≥ 1 grade and survival until hospital discharge.
Results: Fifteen (75%) patients showed acute success until discharge and 12 (60%) at 30-day followup. In 5 (25%) patients repair failed due to either unsuccessful clip implantation (n = 2), single leaflet device attachment (n = 1), TR reduction < 1 grade (n = 1), or in-hospital death (n = 1). Comparing patients with successful procedure versus those with failed repair revealed similar comorbidities but more severe right heart failure, lower left ventricular ejection fraction, worse renal function, and higher diuretic equivalent doses in the failed repair group. No differences in conventional echocardiographic parameters for TR severity but more dilated tricuspid annulus geometry (tricuspid valve annulus, coaptation depth, tenting area) in the failed repair group were observed. The success rate of non-central/non-anteroseptal jet location was only 25%.
Conclusions: Tricuspid annulus geometry assessment may be of crucial importance and seems to impact procedural outcomes in patients undergoing edge-to-edge tricuspid valve repair. Further investigations including advanced imaging are needed to better understand and treat this complex valve disease.

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