Vol 28, No 3 (2021)
Original Article
Published online: 2021-01-20

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Improvement in quality of life with sacubitril/ /valsartan in cardiac resynchronization non-responders: The RESINA (RESynchronization plus an Inhibitor of Neprilysin/Angiotensin) registry

José Manuel Rubio Campal1, Hugo del Castillo2, Belén Arroyo Rivera1, Carmen de Juan Bitriá2, Mikel Taibo Urquia1, Pepa Sánchez Borque1, Ángel Miracle Blanco1, Loreto Bravo Calero1, David Martí Sánchez2, José Tuñón Fernández1
Pubmed: 33634846
Cardiol J 2021;28(3):402-410.

Abstract

Background: Clinical management of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) non-responders is difficult, and their prognosis is poor. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether treatment with sacubitril/valsartan can improve quality of life (QoL) parameters in these patients.

Methods: Thirty five non-responders to CRT were included (75 ± 7 years, 28% females, mean left ventricular ejection fraction 28 ± 8%, 54% non-ischemic cardiomyopathy) with maximally optimized drug therapy and New York Heart Association class II–III. They were all on angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin II receptor blockers and were switched to sacubitril/valsartan. One week before and 6 months after initiation of the therapy they completed both the Minnesota Living with Heart Failure (MLWHF) and the 12-item Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaires (KCCQ-12). The primary outcome was the effect of sacubitril/valsartan on the physical, clinical, social and emotional QoL parameters and number of hospitalizations.

Results: The mean total scores of both questionnaires improved from baseline to the follow-up visit at 6-months (KCCQ-12 40 ± 10 to 47 ± 10; p < 0.001; MLWHF 40 ± 15 to 29 ± 15; p < 0.001). The best results were seen in the KCCQ-12 total symptom domains (77% improvement), the MLWHF physical domain (81% improvement), and the MLWHF emotional domain (71% improvement). Two patients died during follow-up. The mean number of hospitalizations reduced significantly (1 ± 0.6 vs. 0.5 ± 0.8; p = 0.003)

Conclusions: In CRT non-responders, sacubitril/valsartan significantly improved overall QoL, physical limitations and emotional domains and reduced the number of hospitalizations.

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