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Published online: 2020-02-25

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Comparison of the protein acetylome of endothelial cells upon shear flow and resveratrol treatment

Wun-Rong Lin123, Chung-Jung Liu45, Yaw-Syan Fu67, Fu-An Li8, Bin Huang65910


Background: Posttranslational acetylation/deacetylation known as the acetylome is important in regulating protein activity. Shear flow (SF) and resveratrol (RSV) are two stimuli that represent physical and chemical signal separately. The acetylome co-regulated by these two stimuli remain unclear. Methods: Human umbilical cord vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were subjected to either SF of 12 dynes/cm2 or 10 μM RSV. The purified acetylated peptides were labeled by isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ) analysis. The signaling cascades of the identified acetylome were predicted by ingenuity pathway analysis (IPA). Co-immunoprecipitation was applied to confirm the acetylation status of proteins. Results: Five groups of proteins showed an increased acetylation upon SF and RSV treatment. After algorithm, 628 proteins with increased acetylation and 22 proteins with decreased acetylation were identified in the SF acetylome. For the acetylome regulated by RSV, 145 proteins with increased acetylation and 23 proteins with decreased acetylation were identified. Compared these two acetylomes, 129 proteins with increased acetylation and 2 proteins with decreased acetylation were co-regulated by both SF and RSV treatments. IPA analysis showed that this co-regulated acetylome was involved in heat shock response, and the signals of eNOS, STAT3, JAK/STAT and ERK/MAPK. Co-immunoprecipitation analysis further confirmed the acetylated status of mitochondrial HSP60 and mitochondrial citrate synthase. Conclusions: This study indicated that physical signal is more complicated than chemical signal in the case of acetylome. The co-regulated proteins are worthy for further study in discussing synergetic effect between physical and chemical signal in cardioprotection.

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