Vol 26, No 5 (2019)
STUDY PROTOCOL - CLINICAL CARDIOLOGY
Published online: 2018-12-13

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The use of modern telemedicine technologies in an innovative optimal cardiac rehabilitation program for patients after myocardial revascularization: Concept and design of RESTORE, a randomized clinical trial

Krzysztof Milewski12, Andrzej Małecki2, Dominika Orszulik-Baron1, Mateusz Kachel1, Piotr Hirnle1, Marek Orczyk12, Rafał Dunal3, Grzegorz Mikołajowski2, Adam Janas1, Zbigniew Nowak2, Karol Kozak4, Wojciech Roskiewicz5, Katarzyna Nierwińska2, Andrzej Izworski6, Adam Rybicki7, Piotr P. Buszman18, Ryszard Piotrowicz9, Pawel E. Buszman18
Pubmed: 30566211
Cardiol J 2019;26(5):594-603.

Abstract

Despite proven efficacy of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) in reducing the all-cause mortality in patients after myocardial revascularization, the penetration of CR, due to patient-related factors and referral rates remains limited. To improve the outcomes, home-based tele-rehabilitation (TR) has been proposed recently. In theory TR enhances the effects of standard CR procedures due to implementation of an intelligent monitoring system designed to ensure optimal training through on-demand transmission of vital signs, aimed at motivating the patients through daily schedule reminders, setting daily goals and creating a platform for mutual feedback. Several meta-analyses assessing various studies comparing these two methods (CR and TR) have proven that they are at least equally effective, with some of the research showing superiority of TR. Although there was a small sample size, lack of long-term follow-up, reporting effects of TR itself, no integration with tools designed for coaching, motivating and promoting a healthy lifestyle constitutes an important limitation. The latter carries a hopeful prognosis for improvement when utilizing a broad-spectrum approach, especially with use of dedicated technological solutions exploiting the fact of a large and yet rapidly increasing penetration of smartphones, mobile PCs and tablets in the population. The above-mentioned findings worked as the basis and rationale for commencing the RESTORE project aimed at developing and delivering state-of-the-art, comprehensive TR for patients after myocardial revascularization and evaluating its molecular aspect in view of how it influences the atherosclerosis progression attenuation. This paper presents the current state and rationale behind the project based on up-to-date TR efficacy data.

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