open access

Vol 26, No 6 (2019)
Original articles — Clinical cardiology
Published online: 2018-10-16
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The effect of chest compression frequency on the quality of resuscitation by lifeguards. A prospective randomized crossover multicenter simulation trial

Jacek Smereka, Łukasz Iskrzycki, Elżbieta Makomaska-Szaroszyk, Karol Bielski, Michael Frass, Oliver Robak, Kurt Ruetzler, Michael Czekajło, Antonio Rodríguez-Núnez, Jesús López-Herce, Łukasz Szarpak
DOI: 10.5603/CJ.a2018.0121
·
Pubmed: 30338845
·
Cardiol J 2019;26(6):769-776.

open access

Vol 26, No 6 (2019)
Original articles — Clinical cardiology
Published online: 2018-10-16

Abstract

Background: The ability to perform high-quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation is one of the basic
skills for lifeguards. The aim of the study was to assess the influence of chest compression frequency on
the quality of the parameters of chest compressions performed by lifeguards.
Methods: This prospective observational, randomized, crossover simulation study was performed with
40 lifeguards working in Warsaw, Wroclaw, and Poznan, Poland. The subjects then participated in
a target study, in which they were asked to perform 2-min cycles of metronome-guided chest compressions
at different rates: 80, 90, 100, 110, 120, 130, 140, and 150 compressions per minute (CPM).
Results: The study involved 40 lifeguards. Optimal chest compression score calculated by manikin
software was achieved for 110–120 CPM. Chest compression depth achieved 53 (interquartile range
[IQR] 52–54) mm, 56 (IQR 54–57) mm, 52.5 (IQR 50–54) mm, 53 (IQR 52–53) mm, 50 (IQR 49–51)
mm, 47 (IQR 44–51) mm, 41 (IQR 40–42) mm, 38 (IQR 38–43) mm for 80, 90, 100, 110, 120, 130,
140 and 150 CPM, respectively. The percentage of chest compressions with the correct depth was lower
for rates exceeding 120 CPM.
Conclusions: The rate of 100–120 CPM, as recommended by international guidelines, is the optimal
chest compression rate for cardiopulmonary resuscitation performed by lifeguards. A rate above 120 CPM
was associated with a dramatic decrease in chest compression depth and overall chest compression
quality. The role of full chest recoil should be emphasized in basic life support training.

Abstract

Background: The ability to perform high-quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation is one of the basic
skills for lifeguards. The aim of the study was to assess the influence of chest compression frequency on
the quality of the parameters of chest compressions performed by lifeguards.
Methods: This prospective observational, randomized, crossover simulation study was performed with
40 lifeguards working in Warsaw, Wroclaw, and Poznan, Poland. The subjects then participated in
a target study, in which they were asked to perform 2-min cycles of metronome-guided chest compressions
at different rates: 80, 90, 100, 110, 120, 130, 140, and 150 compressions per minute (CPM).
Results: The study involved 40 lifeguards. Optimal chest compression score calculated by manikin
software was achieved for 110–120 CPM. Chest compression depth achieved 53 (interquartile range
[IQR] 52–54) mm, 56 (IQR 54–57) mm, 52.5 (IQR 50–54) mm, 53 (IQR 52–53) mm, 50 (IQR 49–51)
mm, 47 (IQR 44–51) mm, 41 (IQR 40–42) mm, 38 (IQR 38–43) mm for 80, 90, 100, 110, 120, 130,
140 and 150 CPM, respectively. The percentage of chest compressions with the correct depth was lower
for rates exceeding 120 CPM.
Conclusions: The rate of 100–120 CPM, as recommended by international guidelines, is the optimal
chest compression rate for cardiopulmonary resuscitation performed by lifeguards. A rate above 120 CPM
was associated with a dramatic decrease in chest compression depth and overall chest compression
quality. The role of full chest recoil should be emphasized in basic life support training.

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Keywords

chest compression, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, quality, lifeguard, medical simulation

About this article
Title

The effect of chest compression frequency on the quality of resuscitation by lifeguards. A prospective randomized crossover multicenter simulation trial

Journal

Cardiology Journal

Issue

Vol 26, No 6 (2019)

Pages

769-776

Published online

2018-10-16

DOI

10.5603/CJ.a2018.0121

Pubmed

30338845

Bibliographic record

Cardiol J 2019;26(6):769-776.

Keywords

chest compression
cardiopulmonary resuscitation
quality
lifeguard
medical simulation

Authors

Jacek Smereka
Łukasz Iskrzycki
Elżbieta Makomaska-Szaroszyk
Karol Bielski
Michael Frass
Oliver Robak
Kurt Ruetzler
Michael Czekajło
Antonio Rodríguez-Núnez
Jesús López-Herce
Łukasz Szarpak

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