Vol 27, No 6 (2020)
Original Article
Published online: 2018-09-20

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Comparison of temperature measurements in esophagus and urinary bladder in comatose patients after cardiac arrest undergoing mild therapeutic hypothermia

Julia M. Umińska1, Katarzyna Buszko1, Jakub Ratajczak1, Piotr Łach1, Krzysztof Pstrągowski1, Anita Dąbrowska1, Piotr Adamski1, Grzegorz Skonieczny2, Jacek Manitius1, Jacek Kubica1
Pubmed: 30246234
Cardiol J 2020;27(6):735-741.


Background: Mild therapeutic hypothermia (MTH) is a recommended method of treatment for comatose out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) survivors. However, the proper site of temperature measurement in MTH is still not defined. The aim of this study was to compare temperature measurements in the esophagus and urinary bladder in comatose post-OHCA patients treated with MTH.

Methods: This temperature comparison protocol was a part of a prospective, observational, multicenter cohort study. The study population included 36 unconscious patients after resuscitation for OHCA. The patient’s core temperature was independently measured every hour during MTH in the urinary bladder and in the esophagus.

Results: The mean temperature was lower in the esophagus (differences during induction phase: 1.04 ± 0.92°C, p < 0.0001; stabilization phase: 0.54 ± 0.39°C, p < 0.0001; rewarming phase: 0.40 ± 0.47°C, p < 0.0001). Nevertheless, a strong correlation between both sites was found (R2 = 0.83, p < 0.001). The decrease in temperature observed in the esophagus during the induction phase was faster when compared with the urinary bladder (1.09 ± 0.71°C/h vs. 0.83 ± 0.41°C/h; p = 0.002). As a consequence, time to reach temperature < 34.0°C was longer when temperature was measured in the urinary bladder (the difference between medians of the time 1.0 [0–1.5] h, p < 0.001).

Conclusions: Urinary bladder temperature measurements may lag behind temperature changes measured in the esophagus. Monitoring temperature simultaneously in the esophagus and in the urinary bladder is an accessible and reliable combination, although esophageal measurements seem to better reflect the dynamics of temperature changes, thus it seems to be more appropriate for MTH control. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02611934

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