Vol 27, No 4 (2020)
Original articles — Clinical cardiology
Published online: 2018-09-07

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Coexistence and management of abdominal aortic aneurysm and coronary artery disease

Mateusz K. Hołda1, Paweł Iwaszczuk2, Karolina Wszołek2, Jakub Chmiel2, Andrzej Brzychczy3, Mariusz Trystuła3, Marcin Misztal3
Pubmed: 30234902
Cardiol J 2020;27(4):384-393.


Background: Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and coronary atherosclerosis share common risk factors. In this study, a single-center management experience of patients with a coexistence of AAA and coronary artery disease (CAD) is presented.
Methods: 271 consecutive patients who underwent elective AAA repair were reviewed. Coronary imaging in 118 patients was considered suitable for exploration of AAA coexistence with CAD.
Results: Significant coronary stenosis (> 70%) were found in 65.3% of patients. History of cardiac revascularization was present in 26.3% of patients, myocardial infarction (MI) in 31.4%, and 39.8% had both. In a subgroup analysis, prior history of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) (OR = 6.9, 95% CI 2.6–18.2, p < 0.001) and patients’ age (OR = 1.1, 95% CI 1.0–1.2, p = 0.007) were independent predictors of significant coronary stenosis. Only 52.0% (40/77) of patients with significant coronary stenosis underwent immediate coronary revascularization prior to aneurysm repair: PCI in 32 cases (4 drug-eluting stents and 27 bare metal stents), coronary artery bypass graft in 8 cases. Patients undergoing revascularization prior to surgery had longer mean time from coronary imaging to AAA repair (123.6 vs. 58.1 days, p < 0.001). Patients undergoing coronary artery evaluation prior to AAA repair had shorter median hospitalization (7 [2–70] vs. 7 [3–181] days, p = 0.007) and intensive care unit stay (1 [0–9] vs. 1 [0–70] days, p = 0.014) and also had a lower rate of major adverse cardiovascular events or multiple organ failure (0% vs. 3.9%, p = 0.035). A total of 11.0% of patients had coronary artery aneurysms.
Conclusions: Patients with AAA might benefit from an early coronary artery evaluation strategy.

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