Vol 27, No 2 (2020)
Original articles — Clinical cardiology
Published online: 2018-09-07

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Diabetes and periprocedural outcomes in patients treated with rotablation during percutaneous coronary interventions

Rafał A. Januszek12, Artur Dziewierz23, Zbigniew Siudak4, Tomasz Rakowski23, Jacek Legutko23, Łukasz Rzeszutko2, Paweł Kleczyński2, Dariusz Dudek235, Stanisław Bartuś23
Pubmed: 30234901
Cardiol J 2020;27(2):152-161.

Abstract

Background: This study is to assess differences in periprocedural outcomes among diabetic and non-diabetic patients treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and rotational atherectomy (RA).

Methods: Under assessment were 221,187 patients from the Polish Cardiovascular Intervention Society national registry (ORPKI) including all PCIs performed in Poland in 2015 and 2016. Data was extracted of 975 patients treated with RA — 336 (34.5%) diabetics and 639 (65.5%) non-diabetics. Periprocedural complications were defined as overall rate or particular complications such as deaths, no-reflows, perforations, dissections, cerebral strokes or bleedings. Multivariate analysis was performed to assess predictors of periprocedural complications.

Results: The mean age was similar in diabetics and non-diabetics (70.9 ± 9.0 vs. 72.1 ± 9.9; p = 0.06). Diabetics were more often females (p < 0.01), with arterial hypertension (p < 0.01), kidney failure (p < 0.01) and prior myocardial infarction (p = 0.01). No significant differences were observed in overall or individual periprocedural complications and angiographic success was expressed as thrombolysis in myocardial infarction grade 3 flow after PCI. At baseline, de-novo lesions accounted for 96.5% in diabetics and 99% in non-diabetics (p < 0.01), while overall rate of restenosis was 3.5% and 1%, respectively (p < 0.01). Diabetes was an independent predictor of periprocedural complications in the overall group of patients treated with PCI (OR 1.11, 95% CI 1.04–1.194; p < 0.001).

Conclusions: The negative impact of diabetes on the incidence of periprocedural complications and angiographic effectiveness in the group of patients treated with RA is mitigated in the comparison to the non-RA group.

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