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Published online: 2020-05-16
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Echocardiographic predictors of atrial fibrillation recurrence after catheter ablation: a literature review

Aleksandra Liżewska-Springer, Alicja Dąbrowska-Kugacka, Ewa Lewicka, Łukasz Drelich, Tomasz Królak, Grzegorz Raczak
DOI: 10.5603/CJ.a2018.0067
·
Pubmed: 29924375

open access

Ahead of print
Review articles
Published online: 2020-05-16

Abstract

Background: Catheter ablation (CA) is a well-known treatment option for patients with symptomatic drug-resistant atrial fibrillation (AF). Multiple factors have been identified to determine AF recurrence after CA, however their predictive value is rather small. Identification of novel predictors of CA outcome is therefore of primary importance to reduce health costs and improve long-term results of intervention. The recurrence of AF following CA is related to severity of left ventricular (LV) dysfunction, extent of atrial dilatation and fibrosis. The aim of this paper was to present and discuss the latest studies on the utility of echocardiographic parameters in terms of CA effectiveness in patients with paroxysmal and persistent AF.

Methods: PubMed, Google Scholar, EBSCO databases were searched for studies reporting echocardiographic preprocedural predictors of AF recurrence after CA. LV systolic and diastolic function, as well as atrial size, strain and dyssynchrony were taken into consideration.

Results: Twenty one full-text articles were analyzed, including three meta-analyses. Several echocardiographic parameters have been reported to determine a risk of AF recurrence after CA. There are conventional methods that measure left atrial (LA) size and volume, LV ejection fraction, parameters assessing LV diastolic dysfunction, and methods using more innovative technologies based on speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) to determine LA synchrony and strain. Each of these parameters has its own predictive value.

Conclusions: Regarding CA effectiveness, every patient has to be evaluated individually to estimate the risk of AF recurrence, optimally using a combination of several echocardiographic parameters.

 

Abstract

Background: Catheter ablation (CA) is a well-known treatment option for patients with symptomatic drug-resistant atrial fibrillation (AF). Multiple factors have been identified to determine AF recurrence after CA, however their predictive value is rather small. Identification of novel predictors of CA outcome is therefore of primary importance to reduce health costs and improve long-term results of intervention. The recurrence of AF following CA is related to severity of left ventricular (LV) dysfunction, extent of atrial dilatation and fibrosis. The aim of this paper was to present and discuss the latest studies on the utility of echocardiographic parameters in terms of CA effectiveness in patients with paroxysmal and persistent AF.

Methods: PubMed, Google Scholar, EBSCO databases were searched for studies reporting echocardiographic preprocedural predictors of AF recurrence after CA. LV systolic and diastolic function, as well as atrial size, strain and dyssynchrony were taken into consideration.

Results: Twenty one full-text articles were analyzed, including three meta-analyses. Several echocardiographic parameters have been reported to determine a risk of AF recurrence after CA. There are conventional methods that measure left atrial (LA) size and volume, LV ejection fraction, parameters assessing LV diastolic dysfunction, and methods using more innovative technologies based on speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) to determine LA synchrony and strain. Each of these parameters has its own predictive value.

Conclusions: Regarding CA effectiveness, every patient has to be evaluated individually to estimate the risk of AF recurrence, optimally using a combination of several echocardiographic parameters.

 

Get Citation

Keywords

atrial fibrillation, catheter ablation, pulmonary vein isolation, cardiac remodeling, echocardiography

About this article
Title

Echocardiographic predictors of atrial fibrillation recurrence after catheter ablation: a literature review

Journal

Cardiology Journal

Issue

Ahead of print

Article type

Review paper

Published online

2020-05-16

DOI

10.5603/CJ.a2018.0067

Pubmed

29924375

Keywords

atrial fibrillation
catheter ablation
pulmonary vein isolation
cardiac remodeling
echocardiography

Authors

Aleksandra Liżewska-Springer
Alicja Dąbrowska-Kugacka
Ewa Lewicka
Łukasz Drelich
Tomasz Królak
Grzegorz Raczak

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