Vol 25, No 5 (2018)
Original articles — Interventional cardiology
Published online: 2018-08-24

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Clinical impact of routine angiographic follow-up after percutaneous coronary interventions on unprotected left main

Cristina Aurigemma1, Francesco Burzotta1, Italo Porto1, Giampaolo Niccoli1, Antonio Maria Leone1, Filippo Crea1, Carlo Trani1
Pubmed: 30155864
Cardiol J 2018;25(5):582-588.


Background: Patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stent (DES) on unprotected left main (ULM) represent a complex subset. The role of routine coronary angiography at follow up in this subset remains debated.

Methods: At the documented center, all patients undergoing successful PCI on ULM lesions performing angiographic follow-up is suggested, but adherence to such a recommendation is inhomogeneous. Consecutive patients undergoing DES PCI on ULM were enrolled and experienced no adverse events during the first 6 months. Patients were then allocated to two groups: those undergoing routine control angiography (CA) and those undergoing clinical follow-up (CF). Primary endpoint was major adverse cardiac events (MACE) defined as cardiac death, myocardial infarction and urgent repeat target vessel revascularization.

Results: A total of 190 patients underwent successful DES implantation on ULM and the study population was without early events. CA was performed at 6 months after the index procedure in 91 (48%) patients. After 35 ± 21 months, MACE rates were significantly more common in the CF group as compared with the CA group (16.2% vs. 4.3%, p = 0.009). At multivariable analysis, CA was associated with reduced MACE risk (HR 0.13, 95% CI 0.1–0.7, p = 0.028). Of note, this was mainly driven by higher cardiac death rate in those undergoing CF than in those undergoing CA (p = 0.01).

Conclusions: CA after complex PCI, such as ULM PCI, is associated with reduced MACE. Such an observation calls for appropriately designed randomized trials.

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