Vol 26, No 3 (2019)
Original articles — Clinical cardiology
Published online: 2018-03-02

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Hyperuricemia and severity of coronary artery disease: An observational study in adults 35 years of age and younger with acute coronary syndrome

Sai Lv1, Wei Liu1, Yujie Zhou1, Yuyang Liu1, Dongmei Shi1, Yingxin Zhao1, Xiaoli Liu1, Jumana W. Alhelal2, K.S. Shakeenah Ravuru2
Pubmed: 29512091
Cardiol J 2019;26(3):275-282.


Background: Coronary artery disease (CAD) in adults 35 years of age is rare, but the incidence is on the rise and the risk factors for this age group are largely uncertain. Previous studies have shown that hyperuricemia (HUA) is an independent risk factor for CAD in the general population, whereas the role in adults 35 years of age with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is unclear.

Methods: Patients, 18–35 years of age, diagnosed with ACS for the first time at the documented institu- tion between January 2005 and December 2015, were enrolled in the current study. The severity of CAD was assessed by the Gensini score. Patients were divided into two groups according to the definition of HUA. The relationship between HUA and CAD severity was assessed based on multi-variate analysis. 

Results: Seven hundred seventy-one participants fulfilling the criteria were included in this study (mean age, 31.6 years; 94.4% male). HUA, which was defined as a serum uric acid level 7.0 mg/dL (420μmol/L) in males and 6.0 mg/dL (357 μmol/L) in females, accounted for 37% of the participants. Multivariate analysis identified that HUA is an independent risk factor of CAD severity, as assessed by the Gensini score, in very young adults with ACS (OR 8.28; 95% CI 1.96–14.59; p = 0.01), and the effect of HUA on CAD severity was second only to diabetes mellitus.

Conclusions: Hyperuricemia was shown to be an independent risk factor for CAD severity in young adults with ACS (18–35 years of age).

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