Vol 26, No 5 (2019)
Original articles — Basic science and experimental cardiology
Published online: 2018-05-08

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The long noncoding RNA THRIL knockdown protects hypoxia-induced injuries of H9C2 cells through regulating miR-99a

Jingwen Xia1, Nianxin Jiang2, Yansong Li1, Yong Wei2, Xuan Zhang2
Pubmed: 29745968
Cardiol J 2019;26(5):564-574.


Background: Myocardial infarction (MI) is a leading cause of disease with high morbidity and mortality worldwide. Recent studies have revealed that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are involved in
heart disease pathogenesis. This study aimed to investigate the effect and the molecular basis of THRIL on hypoxia-injured H9C2 cells.

Methods: THRIL, miR-99a and Brahma-related gene 1 (Brg1) expressions in H9C2 cells were altered by transient transfections. The cells were subjected to hypoxia for 4 h, and then the levels of THRIL, miR-99a and Brg1 were investigated. Cell viability, migration and invasion, and apoptotic cells were respectively measured by trypan blue exclusion assay, transwell migration assay and flow cytometry assay. Dual luciferase reporter assay was conducted to verify the interaction between miR-99a and THRIL. Furthermore, levels of apoptosis-, PI3K/AKT and mTOR pathways-related factors were measured by western blotting.

Results: Hypoxia induced an increase of THRIL but a reduction of miR-99a and Brg1. THRIL inhibition significantly attenuated hypoxia-induced cell injuries, as increased cell viability, migration and invasion, and decreased cell apoptosis. THRIL negatively regulated miR-99a expression through sponging with miR-99a binding site, and miR-99a inhibition abolished the protective effects of THRIL knockdown against hypoxia-induced injury in H9C2 cells. Furthermore, miR-99a positively regulated the expression of Brg1. Brg1 inhibition promoted hypoxia-induced cell injuries, while Brg1 overexpression alleviated hypoxia-induced cell injuries. Moreover, Brg1 overexpression activated PI3K/AKT and mTOR pathways.

Conclusions: This study demonstrated that THRIL inhibition represented a protective effect against
hypoxia-induced injuries in H9C2 cells by up-regulating miR-99a expression.

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