Vol 25, No 1 (2018)
Original articles — Clinical cardiology
Published online: 2017-05-19

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Improvement of left ventricular diastolic function and left heart morphology in young women with morbid obesity six months after bariatric surgery

Katarzyna Kurnicka1, Justyna Domienik-Karłowicz1, Barbara Lichodziejewska1, Maksymilian Bielecki2, Marta Kozłowska1, Sylwia Goliszek1, Olga Dzikowska-Diduch1, Wojciech Lisik3, Maciej Kosieradzki3, Piotr Pruszczyk1
Pubmed: 28541599
Cardiol J 2018;25(1):97-105.


 Background: Obesity contributes to left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction (LVDD) and may lead to diastolic heart failure. Weight loss (WL) after bariatric surgery (BS) may influence LV morphology and function. Using echocardiography, this study assessed the effect of WL on LV diastolic function (LVDF) and LV and left atrium (LA) morphology 6 months after BS in young women with morbid obesity.

Methods: Echocardiography was performed in 60 women with body mass index ≥ 40 kg/m², aged 37.1 ± ± 9.6 years prior to and 6 months after BS. In 38 patients, well-controlled arterial hypertension was present. Heart failure, coronary artery disease, atrial fibrillation and mitral stenosis were exclusion criteria. Parameters of LV and LA morphology were obtained. To evaluate LVDF, mitral peak early (E) and atrial (A) velocities, E-deceleration time (DcT), pulmonary vein S, D and A reversal velocities were measured. Peak early diastolic mitral annular velocities (E’) and E/E’ were assessed.

Results: Mean WL post BS was 35.7 kg (27%). A postoperative decrease in LV wall thickness, LV mass (mean 183.7 to 171.5 g, p = 0.001) and LA parameters (area, volume) were observed. LVDD was diagnosed in 3 patients prior to and in 2 of them subsequent to the procedure. An improvement in LVDF Doppler indices were noted: increased E/A, D and E’ lateral, and decreased S/D and lateral E/E’. None of the patients showed increased LV filling pressure. No significant correlations between hypertension and echo-parameters were demonstrated.

Conclusions: Six months after BS weight loss resulted in the improvement of LVDF and left heart morphology in morbidly obese women. (Cardiol J 2018; 25, 1: 97–105)

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