Vol 24, No 1 (2017)
Original articles — Interventional cardiology
Published online: 2016-11-30

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Radiofrequency catheter ablation of accessory pathways in patients with Ebstein’s anomaly: At 8 years of follow-up

Michał Orczykowski, Paweł Derejko, Robert Bodalski, Piotr Urbanek, Joanna Zakrzewska-Koperska, Radosław Sierpiński, Katarzyna Kalin, Andrzej Hasiec, Grzegorz Warmiński, Maria Miszczak-Knecht, Katarzyna Bieganowska, Rafał Baranowski, Maria Bilińska, Elżbieta Biernacka, Piotr Hoffman, Łukasz Szumowski
Pubmed: 27910083
Cardiol J 2017;24(1):1-8.


Background: Data regarding long-term follow-up of radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) of accessory pathways (APs) in patients with Ebstein’s anomaly (EA) are limited. The procedures are challenging due to multiple or wide APs.

Methods: Analysis was performed on clinical and periprocedural data of patients with EA referred to the centre in order to perform catheter ablation of AP. The group consisted of 22 patients (female 40.9%, mean age 33.6 ± 19.1 years). The follow-up utilized electrocardiogram and Holter monitoring.

Results: Twenty-two patients had 33 accessory pathways (8 patients had multiple APs, 11 patients broad AP). Twenty-nine different arrhythmias were ablated: 20 orthodromic atrioventricular reciprocating tachycardia (O-AVRT), 5 antidromic atrioventricular reciprocating tachycardia (A-AVRT), 3 slow/ fast atrioventricular nodal reentry tachycardia (s/f AVNRT) and 1 cavotricuspid-isthmus-dependent atrial flutter (CTI-AFL). In 3 (13.6%) patients multiple ablation targets for RFCA ablation were observed. The acute procedural success rate after the first RFCA performed was: 100% for AVNRT, 77.3% for APs and 50.0% for CTI-AFL ablation. Follow-up (mean 95.7 ± 49.8 months) was completed in 86.4% of patients. One patient had paroxysmal atrial fibrillation not targeted during ablation. One patient died due to heart failure 12 years after RFCA. Three patients who underwent RFCA of accessory pathways in the mid-1990s were lost in follow-up.

Conclusions: Radiofrequency ablation in patients with EA is challenging but safe and have a high short-term as well as long-term success rate.

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