open access

Vol 25, No 1 (2018)
Original articles — Clinical cardiology
Published online: 2017-06-12
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The value of left atrial strain and strain rate in predicting left atrial appendage stasis in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation

Meng-Ruo Zhu, Man Wang, Xin-Xin Ma, Dong-Yan Zheng, Yue-Li Zhang
DOI: 10.5603/CJ.a2017.0069
·
Pubmed: 28612903
·
Cardiol J 2018;25(1):87-96.

open access

Vol 25, No 1 (2018)
Original articles — Clinical cardiology
Published online: 2017-06-12

Abstract

Background: This study aimed to investigate the value of left atrial (LA) strain and strain rate (S/SR) by transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) in predicting left atrial appendage (LAA) stasis, in order to find a way for LAA stasis screening which is easily performed in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF).

Methods: One hundred and thirty NVAF patients prepared for AF ablation were enrolled. TTE and transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) were performed in all patients. LA S/SR in each phase was analyzed off-line. LAA blood flow state and LAA function were assessed by using TEE.

Results: LA S/SRs during atrial reservoir phase (LA Sres/SRres) were significantly negatively cor­related with LAA spontaneous echo contrast (SEC) grade (r = −0.567 and −0.520, respectively; all p < 0.01), and positively correlated with LAA emptying fraction (r = 0.602 and 0.619, respectively; all p < 0.01) and with LAA peak emptying flow velocity (r = 0.623 and 0.642, respectively; all p < 0.01). The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed LA Sres to be the strongest independent predictor of LAA stasis, followed by LA volume index. LA Sres < 13% was recommended to predict LAA stasis with sensitivity of 90% and specificity of 74%.

Conclusions: LA Sres by TTE can noninvasively predict LAA stasis and may be used as a screening tool to assist in the detection of LAA stasis in patients with NVAF. (Cardiol J 2018; 25, 1: 87–96)

Abstract

Background: This study aimed to investigate the value of left atrial (LA) strain and strain rate (S/SR) by transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) in predicting left atrial appendage (LAA) stasis, in order to find a way for LAA stasis screening which is easily performed in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF).

Methods: One hundred and thirty NVAF patients prepared for AF ablation were enrolled. TTE and transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) were performed in all patients. LA S/SR in each phase was analyzed off-line. LAA blood flow state and LAA function were assessed by using TEE.

Results: LA S/SRs during atrial reservoir phase (LA Sres/SRres) were significantly negatively cor­related with LAA spontaneous echo contrast (SEC) grade (r = −0.567 and −0.520, respectively; all p < 0.01), and positively correlated with LAA emptying fraction (r = 0.602 and 0.619, respectively; all p < 0.01) and with LAA peak emptying flow velocity (r = 0.623 and 0.642, respectively; all p < 0.01). The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed LA Sres to be the strongest independent predictor of LAA stasis, followed by LA volume index. LA Sres < 13% was recommended to predict LAA stasis with sensitivity of 90% and specificity of 74%.

Conclusions: LA Sres by TTE can noninvasively predict LAA stasis and may be used as a screening tool to assist in the detection of LAA stasis in patients with NVAF. (Cardiol J 2018; 25, 1: 87–96)

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Keywords

strain, strain rate, left atrial, left atrial appendage stasis, nonvalvular atrial fibrillation, noninvasive

About this article
Title

The value of left atrial strain and strain rate in predicting left atrial appendage stasis in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation

Journal

Cardiology Journal

Issue

Vol 25, No 1 (2018)

Pages

87-96

Published online

2017-06-12

DOI

10.5603/CJ.a2017.0069

Pubmed

28612903

Bibliographic record

Cardiol J 2018;25(1):87-96.

Keywords

strain
strain rate
left atrial
left atrial appendage stasis
nonvalvular atrial fibrillation
noninvasive

Authors

Meng-Ruo Zhu
Man Wang
Xin-Xin Ma
Dong-Yan Zheng
Yue-Li Zhang

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