open access

Vol 23, No 6 (2016)
Original articles — Interventional cardiology
Published online: 2016-09-23
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Five-year outcomes of chronic total occlusion treatment with a biolimus A9-eluting biodegradable polymer stent versus a sirolimus-eluting permanent polymer stent in the LEADERS all-comers trial

Matteo Ghione, Joanna J. Wykrzykowska, Stephan Windecker, Patrick W. Serruys, Pawel Buszman, Axel Linke, Hae Young Sohn, Roberto Corti, Diethmar Antoni, William Wijns, Rodrigo Estevez-Loureiro, Marie-Claude Morice, Gerrit-Anne Van Es, Robert Jan van Geuns, Peter Juni, Pedro Eerdmans, Ton De Vries, Stéphanie Konik, Carlo Di Mario
DOI: 10.5603/CJ.a2016.0071
·
Pubmed: 27665852
·
Cardiol J 2016;23(6):626-636.

open access

Vol 23, No 6 (2016)
Original articles — Interventional cardiology
Published online: 2016-09-23

Abstract

Background: Few data are available on long-term follow-up of drug-eluting stents in the treatment of chronic total occlusion (CTO). The LEADERS CTO sub-study compared the long-term results in CTO and non-CTO lesions of a Biolimus A9™-eluting stent (BES) with a sirolimus-eluting stent (SES).
Methods: Among 1,707 patients enrolled in the prospective, multi-center, all-comers LEADERS trial, 81 with CTOs were treated with either a BES (n = 45) or a SES (n = 36). The primary endpoint was the occurrence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE): cardiac death, myocardial infarction (MI) and clinically-indicated target vessel revascularization (TVR).
Results: At 5 years, the rate of MACE was numerically higher in the CTO group than in the non-CTO group (29.6% vs. 23.3%; p = 0.173), with a significant increase in the incidence of target lesion revascularization (TLR) (21.0 vs. 12.6; p = 0.033), but no difference in stent thrombosis (ST). Patients with CTO receiving a BES demonstrated a lower incidence of MACE (22.2% vs. 38.9%; p = 0.147) with a significant reduction in TLR compared to patients receiving a SES (11.1% vs. 33.3%, p = 0.0214) with an incidence similar to that observed in the non-CTO group treated with BES (11.6%). Definite ST at 5 years nearly halved in the BES group (4.4% vs. 8.3%, p = 0.478) with no ST in the BES group after the first year (0% vs. 8.3%, p for interaction = 0.009).
Conclusions: The use of a BES showed a reduction in MACE, TVR, TLR, and ST over time in the CTO subset with similar outcome as for non-CTO lesions.

Abstract

Background: Few data are available on long-term follow-up of drug-eluting stents in the treatment of chronic total occlusion (CTO). The LEADERS CTO sub-study compared the long-term results in CTO and non-CTO lesions of a Biolimus A9™-eluting stent (BES) with a sirolimus-eluting stent (SES).
Methods: Among 1,707 patients enrolled in the prospective, multi-center, all-comers LEADERS trial, 81 with CTOs were treated with either a BES (n = 45) or a SES (n = 36). The primary endpoint was the occurrence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE): cardiac death, myocardial infarction (MI) and clinically-indicated target vessel revascularization (TVR).
Results: At 5 years, the rate of MACE was numerically higher in the CTO group than in the non-CTO group (29.6% vs. 23.3%; p = 0.173), with a significant increase in the incidence of target lesion revascularization (TLR) (21.0 vs. 12.6; p = 0.033), but no difference in stent thrombosis (ST). Patients with CTO receiving a BES demonstrated a lower incidence of MACE (22.2% vs. 38.9%; p = 0.147) with a significant reduction in TLR compared to patients receiving a SES (11.1% vs. 33.3%, p = 0.0214) with an incidence similar to that observed in the non-CTO group treated with BES (11.6%). Definite ST at 5 years nearly halved in the BES group (4.4% vs. 8.3%, p = 0.478) with no ST in the BES group after the first year (0% vs. 8.3%, p for interaction = 0.009).
Conclusions: The use of a BES showed a reduction in MACE, TVR, TLR, and ST over time in the CTO subset with similar outcome as for non-CTO lesions.

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Keywords

chronic total occlusion; biodegradable polymer biolimus-eluting stents; percutaneous coronary interventions

About this article
Title

Five-year outcomes of chronic total occlusion treatment with a biolimus A9-eluting biodegradable polymer stent versus a sirolimus-eluting permanent polymer stent in the LEADERS all-comers trial

Journal

Cardiology Journal

Issue

Vol 23, No 6 (2016)

Pages

626-636

Published online

2016-09-23

DOI

10.5603/CJ.a2016.0071

Pubmed

27665852

Bibliographic record

Cardiol J 2016;23(6):626-636.

Keywords

chronic total occlusion
biodegradable polymer biolimus-eluting stents
percutaneous coronary interventions

Authors

Matteo Ghione
Joanna J. Wykrzykowska
Stephan Windecker
Patrick W. Serruys
Pawel Buszman
Axel Linke
Hae Young Sohn
Roberto Corti
Diethmar Antoni
William Wijns
Rodrigo Estevez-Loureiro
Marie-Claude Morice
Gerrit-Anne Van Es
Robert Jan van Geuns
Peter Juni
Pedro Eerdmans
Ton De Vries
Stéphanie Konik
Carlo Di Mario

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