Vol 23, No 3 (2016)
CLINICAL CARDIOLOGY Original articles
Published online: 2016-05-10

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Prolonged Tp-e interval and Tp-e/QT correlates well with modified Rodnan skin severity score in patients with systemic sclerosis

Sercan Okutucu, Ugur Nadir Karakulak, Hakan Aksoy, Cengiz Sabanoglu, Vedat Hekimsoy, Levent Sahiner, Ergun Baris Kaya, Ali Akdogan, Giray Kabakci, Kudret Aytemir, Lale Tokgozoglu, Ali Oto
Pubmed: 27173681
Cardiol J 2016;23(3):242-249.

Abstract

Background: Ventricular arrhythmias can be seen in systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients and are thought to be a result of fibrosis or ischemia of the ventricular myocardium. Tp-e interval and Tp-e/QT ratio are electrocardiographic (ECG) indices to predict ventricular tachyarrhythmia and cardiovascular mortality. We aimed to evaluate Tp-e interval and Tp-e/QT ratio in patients with SSc.

Methods: A total of 107 patients with SSc (mean age, 48.6 ± 14.0 years; 96 females) and 100 healthy controls (mean age, 49.4 ± 8.6 years; 90 females) were enrolled. The standard 12-lead ECG was recorded; QTc, Tp-e interval and Tp-e/QT ratio were measured. Modified Rodnan skin severity score (MR-SSS) calculated for all SSc patients.

Results: Tp-e interval (90.7 ± 23.8 ms vs. 84.0 ± 20.6 ms, p = 0.032) and Tp-e/QT ratio (0.20 ± 0.05 vs. 0.18 ± 0.04, p = 0.007, respectively) were significantly prolonged in SSc patients than in the control group. Pearson’s correlation analyses revealed positive correlations of MR-SSS with QTc (r = 0.427, p = 0.001), Tp-e interval (r = 0.620, p = 0.001) and Tp-e/ /QT ratio (r = 0.615, p = 0.001). MR-SSS (b = 2.108, p = 0.001) and CRP (b = 2.273, p = 0.027) were found to be significant independent predictors of Tp-e interval. Similarly, MR-SSS (b = 0.004, p = 0.001) was only a significant independent predictor of Tp-e/QT ratio among patients with SSc.

Conclusions: The patients with SSc had a prolonged Tp-e interval and Tp-e/QT ratio compared with normal subjects. Furthermore, this prolongation was well correlated with clinical severity score among patients with SSc. Ventricular repolarization dispersion as a predictor of ventricular arrhythmias was found to be diminished in patients with SSc. Patients with SSc, particularly with higher MR-SSS, should be followed closely for adverse cardiovascular outcomes.

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