open access

Vol 23, No 5 (2016)
ARRHYTMOLOGY Original articles
Published online: 2016-07-04
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Assessment of cardiac autonomic functions by heart rate recovery indices in patients with myocardial bridge

Sercan Okutucu, Mustafa Aparci, Cengiz Sabanoglu, Ugur Nadir Karakulak, Hakan Aksoy, Cengiz Ozturk, Mehmet Karaduman, Zafer Isilak, Adem Adar, Ali Oto
DOI: 10.5603/CJ.a2016.0046
·
Pubmed: 27387063
·
Cardiol J 2016;23(5):524-531.

open access

Vol 23, No 5 (2016)
ARRHYTMOLOGY Original articles
Published online: 2016-07-04

Abstract

Background: Heart rate (HR) recovery (HRR) reflects autonomic activity and predicts cardiovascular events. The aim of this study was to assess HRR in patients with myocardial bridge (MB).

Methods: Medical recordings of 93 patients with MB and appropriate age, compared to 78 sex-matched healthy subjects were analyzed. MB was diagnosed via coronary computed tomography angiography after a positive exercise stress test (EST). HRR indices were calculated by subtracting 1st (HRR1), 2nd (HRR2) and 3rd (HRR3) minute HR from the maximal HR during EST.

Results: HRR1 (30.2 ± 13.3 bpm vs. 35.8 ± 10.4 bpm, p = 0.001) and HRR2 (52.3 ± 13.3 bpm vs. 57.1 ± 11.6 bpm, p = 0.013) were lower in patients with MB. In addition, HRR1 was lower in patients with left anterior descending (LAD) MB than non-LAD MB (28.5 ± 13.2 vs. 37.1 ± 11.4, p = 0.013). Presence of MB, deep MB, LAD MB and multi-vessel MB were predictors of HRR1 (p < 0.01 for all). In a multivariate analysis, LAD MB was the only significant independent predictor of HRR1 (b = –8.524, p = 0.009).

Conclusions: Patients with MB have impairment in HRR indices which is more pronounced among patients with LAD MB. Cardiac autonomic dysfunction in MB might be due to recurrent myocardial ischemia.

Abstract

Background: Heart rate (HR) recovery (HRR) reflects autonomic activity and predicts cardiovascular events. The aim of this study was to assess HRR in patients with myocardial bridge (MB).

Methods: Medical recordings of 93 patients with MB and appropriate age, compared to 78 sex-matched healthy subjects were analyzed. MB was diagnosed via coronary computed tomography angiography after a positive exercise stress test (EST). HRR indices were calculated by subtracting 1st (HRR1), 2nd (HRR2) and 3rd (HRR3) minute HR from the maximal HR during EST.

Results: HRR1 (30.2 ± 13.3 bpm vs. 35.8 ± 10.4 bpm, p = 0.001) and HRR2 (52.3 ± 13.3 bpm vs. 57.1 ± 11.6 bpm, p = 0.013) were lower in patients with MB. In addition, HRR1 was lower in patients with left anterior descending (LAD) MB than non-LAD MB (28.5 ± 13.2 vs. 37.1 ± 11.4, p = 0.013). Presence of MB, deep MB, LAD MB and multi-vessel MB were predictors of HRR1 (p < 0.01 for all). In a multivariate analysis, LAD MB was the only significant independent predictor of HRR1 (b = –8.524, p = 0.009).

Conclusions: Patients with MB have impairment in HRR indices which is more pronounced among patients with LAD MB. Cardiac autonomic dysfunction in MB might be due to recurrent myocardial ischemia.

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Keywords

autonomic functions, coronary arteries, heart rate recovery, myocardial bridge

About this article
Title

Assessment of cardiac autonomic functions by heart rate recovery indices in patients with myocardial bridge

Journal

Cardiology Journal

Issue

Vol 23, No 5 (2016)

Pages

524-531

Published online

2016-07-04

DOI

10.5603/CJ.a2016.0046

Pubmed

27387063

Bibliographic record

Cardiol J 2016;23(5):524-531.

Keywords

autonomic functions
coronary arteries
heart rate recovery
myocardial bridge

Authors

Sercan Okutucu
Mustafa Aparci
Cengiz Sabanoglu
Ugur Nadir Karakulak
Hakan Aksoy
Cengiz Ozturk
Mehmet Karaduman
Zafer Isilak
Adem Adar
Ali Oto

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