Vol 23, No 4 (2016)
ARRHYTMOLOGY Original articles
Published online: 2016-06-10

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Safety and efficacy of early radiofrequency catheter ablation in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation complicated with amiodarone-induced thyrotoxicosis

Maojing Wang, Shanglang Cai, Libo Sun, Qing Zhao, Wenjing Feng
Pubmed: 27296156
Cardiol J 2016;23(4):416-421.


Background: Amiodarone is an antiarrhythmic drug that is frequently used to control atrial fibrillation (AF). Many patients with AF are afraid of the risk of ablation and take amiodar­one, some patients develop amiodarone-induced thyrotoxicosis (AIT). The purpose of the study was to investigate the safety and efficacy of early radiofrequency catheter ablation in patients with paroxysmal AF complicated with AIT.

Methods: From the 146 consecutive patients with paroxysmal AF who had been treated with amiodarone and underwent 3-dimensional mapping system guided circumferential pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) at our center from January 2013 to June 2014, 20 had developed AIT. Thirty controls with normal thyroid function and matched for baseline characteristics were selected.

Results: Pulmonary vein isolation was completed in all patients without serious complications and with similar procedural (170.60 ± 14.80 vs. 158.18 ± 9.06 min; p = 0.062) and X-ray exposure (16.48 ± 2.15 vs. 15.36 ± 1.57 min; p = 0.058) time in AIT vs. control groups; however, upon coronary sinus catheter pacing (from 300 ms to 200 ms) after intrave­nous isoproterenol administration 30 min post PVI, rates of induction of AF (35% vs. 3.33%; p = 0.005) and of non-pulmonary vein-related atrial tachyarrhythmias (50% vs. 6.67%; p = 0.01) were higher, while those for atrial flutter (15% vs. 3.33%; p = 0.17) and atrial tachycardia (15% vs. 6.67%; p = 0.31) were similar, as was the recovery of conduction of pulmonary vein potential (15% vs. 30%; p = 0.191). In AIT vs. control group, atrial tachyarrhythmia recurrence rate was higher at 3 months (45% vs. 16.67%, p = 0.032) but not between 3 and 12 months (30% vs. 23.33%; p = 0.418) follow-up.

Conclusions: Early catheter ablation for paroxysmal AF in patients with AIT appeared safe and effective albeit with higher atrial tachyarrhythmia recurrence rate up to 3 months but not beyond 12 months after PVI relative to controls.

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