Vol 23, No 2 (2016)
Published online: 2016-04-29

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Should we wait until severe pulmonary hypertension develops? Efficacy of percutaneous mitral balloon valvuloplasty in patients with severe pulmonary hypertension: A subgroup analysis of our experience

Hakan Ozkan, Tahsin Bozat, Selma Kenar Tiryakioglu, Hasan Ari
DOI: 10.5603/CJ.a2016.0010
Pubmed: 26876064
Cardiol J 2016;23(2):184-188.


Background: The primary goal of this study is to evaluate the immediate and long-term ef­fects of percutaneous mitral balloon valvuloplasty (PBMV) on patients with rheumatic mitral stenosis (MS) complicated with severe pulmonary hypertension (PH).

Methods: The study population consisted of 85 patients with MS complicated with severe PH (systolic pulmonary pressure > 75 mm Hg). PBMV was performed with Inoue balloon technique. Clinical and echocardiographic follow-up was scheduled at 6 months and 1 year and yearly thereafter.

Results: Mitral valve area (MVA) was increased (pre-PBMV MVA was 1.03 ± 0.21 cm2, post-PBMV MVA 1.89 ± 0.34 cm2, p < 0.001) significantly. The mean and the maximum transmitral pressure gradient significantly decreased (pre-PBMV mean transmitral gradient was 18.47 ± 6.59 mm Hg, post-PBMV 6.84 ± 3.84 mm Hg, p < 0.001, pre-PBMV maximum transmitral pressure gradient was 27.6 ± 8.38 mm Hg, post-PBMV 12.68 ± 4.74 mm Hg, p < 0.001). Systolic pulmonary artery pressure (SPAP) significantly decreased (pre-PBMV 89.9 ± 23.38 mm Hg, post-PBMV 54.5 ± 14.6 mm Hg, p < 0.001). Two patients underwent surgery due to rupture of anterior mitral leaflet. There was no peri-procedural mortality. The procedure time was 29.12 ± 11.37 min. Follow-up duration was 108.2 ± 31.4 months. One patient died due to heart failure. One patient underwent re-PBMV and 7 patients mitral valve replacement. At the last follow-up, MVA still remained high (1.52 ± 0.34 cm2) and mean transmitral pressure gradient was low (9.2 ± 5.7 mm Hg). SPAP was 56.5 ± 20.8 mm Hg which was the same as after PBMV.

Conclusions: PBMV in patients with MS with severe PH is an effective therapy with low procedure time. However, it is recommended to perform PBMV before developing severe PH.

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