open access

Vol 23, No 1 (2016)
Original articles
Published online: 2015-10-21
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Predictive value of admission red cell distribution width-platelet ratio for no-reflow phenomenon in acute ST segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention

Turgay Celık, Sevket Balta, Mustafa Demır, A. Osman Yıldırım, Mehmet Gungor Kaya, Cengiz Ozturk, Sait Demırkol, Murat Unlu, Selim Kılıc, İbrahim Aydın, Atila Iyısoy
DOI: 10.5603/CJ.a2015.0070
·
Pubmed: 26503078
·
Cardiol J 2016;23(1):84-92.

open access

Vol 23, No 1 (2016)
Original articles
Published online: 2015-10-21

Abstract

Background: The red cell distribution width–platelet ratio (RPR), a novel inflammatory marker is currently used to predict inflammation in chronic diseases. It may be associated with adverse outcomes among artery disease but its prognostic value in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has not been fully investigated. There is no data regarding the association between RPR and in-hospital major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs). This study evaluated the relations between pre-procedural RPR and the in-hospital and long-term outcomes in STEMI patients undergoing primary PCI.

Methods: This study included 580 STEMI patients (77% men, mean age: 59 ± 12 years). The patients were divided into two groups according to thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) flow grades after primary PCI. No-reflow was defined as a post-PCI TIMI flow grade of 0, 1 or 2 (group 1). Angiographic success was defined as TIMI flow grade 3 (group 2).

Results: Whole blood cell count, neutrophil and lymphocyte percentages, red cell distribution width, platecrit, neutrophil–lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and RPR values were higher among patients with no-reflow. On multivariate analysis, pain to balloon time, multivessel disease, TIMI thrombus grade, tirofiban, aspirin, previous coronary artery disease, NLR, platecrit and RPR remained independent predictors of no-reflow after primary PCI. Patients in no-reflow group tended to be higher percent in-hospital MACE, including nonfatal myocardial infarction and cardiovascular mortality compared to the reflow patients.

Conclusions: Admission NLR, platecrit and RPR are independent correlates of no-reflow and in-hospital MACEs among patients with STEMI undergoing primary PCI.  

Abstract

Background: The red cell distribution width–platelet ratio (RPR), a novel inflammatory marker is currently used to predict inflammation in chronic diseases. It may be associated with adverse outcomes among artery disease but its prognostic value in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has not been fully investigated. There is no data regarding the association between RPR and in-hospital major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs). This study evaluated the relations between pre-procedural RPR and the in-hospital and long-term outcomes in STEMI patients undergoing primary PCI.

Methods: This study included 580 STEMI patients (77% men, mean age: 59 ± 12 years). The patients were divided into two groups according to thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) flow grades after primary PCI. No-reflow was defined as a post-PCI TIMI flow grade of 0, 1 or 2 (group 1). Angiographic success was defined as TIMI flow grade 3 (group 2).

Results: Whole blood cell count, neutrophil and lymphocyte percentages, red cell distribution width, platecrit, neutrophil–lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and RPR values were higher among patients with no-reflow. On multivariate analysis, pain to balloon time, multivessel disease, TIMI thrombus grade, tirofiban, aspirin, previous coronary artery disease, NLR, platecrit and RPR remained independent predictors of no-reflow after primary PCI. Patients in no-reflow group tended to be higher percent in-hospital MACE, including nonfatal myocardial infarction and cardiovascular mortality compared to the reflow patients.

Conclusions: Admission NLR, platecrit and RPR are independent correlates of no-reflow and in-hospital MACEs among patients with STEMI undergoing primary PCI.  

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Keywords

ST segment elevation myocardial infarction, in-hospital prognosis, primary percutaneous coronary intervention, red cell distribution width–platelet ratio, platecrit, neutrophil–lymphocyte ratio

About this article
Title

Predictive value of admission red cell distribution width-platelet ratio for no-reflow phenomenon in acute ST segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention

Journal

Cardiology Journal

Issue

Vol 23, No 1 (2016)

Pages

84-92

Published online

2015-10-21

DOI

10.5603/CJ.a2015.0070

Pubmed

26503078

Bibliographic record

Cardiol J 2016;23(1):84-92.

Keywords

ST segment elevation myocardial infarction
in-hospital prognosis
primary percutaneous coronary intervention
red cell distribution width–platelet ratio
platecrit
neutrophil–lymphocyte ratio

Authors

Turgay Celık
Sevket Balta
Mustafa Demır
A. Osman Yıldırım
Mehmet Gungor Kaya
Cengiz Ozturk
Sait Demırkol
Murat Unlu
Selim Kılıc
İbrahim Aydın
Atila Iyısoy

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