open access

Vol 21, No 5 (2014)
Original articles
Published online: 2014-10-29
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Roles of the CHADS2 and CHA2DS2-VASc scores in post-myocardial infarction patients: Risk of new occurrence of atrial fibrillation and ischemic stroke

Kui-Kai Lau, Pak-Hei Chan, Kai-Hang Yiu, Yap-Hang Chan, Shasha Liu, Koon-Ho Chan, Chun-Yip Yeung, Sheung-Wai Li, Hung-Fat Tse, Chung-Wah Siu
DOI: 10.5603/CJ.a2014.0034
·
Cardiol J 2014;21(5):474-483.

open access

Vol 21, No 5 (2014)
Original articles
Published online: 2014-10-29

Abstract

Background: Patients with myocardial infarction (MI) are at risk of the development of atrial fibrillation (AF) and ischemic stroke. We sought to evaluate the prognostic performance of the CHADS2 and CHA2DS2-VASc scores in predicting new AF and/or ischemic stroke in post-ST segment elevation MI (STEMI) patients. Six hundred and seven consecutive post-STEMI patients with no previously documented AF were studied.

Methods and Results: After a follow-up of 63 months (3,184 patient-years), 83 (13.7%) patients developed new AF (2.8% per year). Patients with a high CHADS2 and/or CHA2DS2-VASc score were more likely to develop new AF. The annual incidence of new AF was 1.18%, 2.10%, 4.52%, and 7.03% in patients with CHADS2 of 0, 1, 2, and ≥ 3; and 0.39%, 1.72%, 1.83%, and 5.83% in patients with a CHA2DS2-VASc score of 1, 2, 3 and ≥ 4. The CHA2DS2-VASc score (C-statistic = 0.676) was superior to the CHADS2 (C-statistic = 0.632) for discriminating new AF. Ischemic stroke occurred in 29 patients (0.9% per year), the incidence increasing in line with the CHADS2 (0.41%, 1.02%, 1.11%, and 1.95% with score of 0, 1, 2, and ≥ 3) and CHA2DS2-VASc scores (0.39%, 0.49%, 1.02%, and 1.48% with score of 1, 2, 3 and ≥ 4). The C-statistic of the CHA2DS2-VASc score as a predictor of ischemic stroke was 0.601, superior to that of CHADS2 score (0.573). CHADS2 and CHA2DS2-VASc scores can identify post-STEMI patients at high risk of AF and stroke.

Conclusions: The CHADS2 and CHA2DS2-VASc scores can identify post-STEMI patients at high risk of AF and ischemic stroke. This enables close surveillance and prompt anticoagulation for stroke prevention.

Abstract

Background: Patients with myocardial infarction (MI) are at risk of the development of atrial fibrillation (AF) and ischemic stroke. We sought to evaluate the prognostic performance of the CHADS2 and CHA2DS2-VASc scores in predicting new AF and/or ischemic stroke in post-ST segment elevation MI (STEMI) patients. Six hundred and seven consecutive post-STEMI patients with no previously documented AF were studied.

Methods and Results: After a follow-up of 63 months (3,184 patient-years), 83 (13.7%) patients developed new AF (2.8% per year). Patients with a high CHADS2 and/or CHA2DS2-VASc score were more likely to develop new AF. The annual incidence of new AF was 1.18%, 2.10%, 4.52%, and 7.03% in patients with CHADS2 of 0, 1, 2, and ≥ 3; and 0.39%, 1.72%, 1.83%, and 5.83% in patients with a CHA2DS2-VASc score of 1, 2, 3 and ≥ 4. The CHA2DS2-VASc score (C-statistic = 0.676) was superior to the CHADS2 (C-statistic = 0.632) for discriminating new AF. Ischemic stroke occurred in 29 patients (0.9% per year), the incidence increasing in line with the CHADS2 (0.41%, 1.02%, 1.11%, and 1.95% with score of 0, 1, 2, and ≥ 3) and CHA2DS2-VASc scores (0.39%, 0.49%, 1.02%, and 1.48% with score of 1, 2, 3 and ≥ 4). The C-statistic of the CHA2DS2-VASc score as a predictor of ischemic stroke was 0.601, superior to that of CHADS2 score (0.573). CHADS2 and CHA2DS2-VASc scores can identify post-STEMI patients at high risk of AF and stroke.

Conclusions: The CHADS2 and CHA2DS2-VASc scores can identify post-STEMI patients at high risk of AF and ischemic stroke. This enables close surveillance and prompt anticoagulation for stroke prevention.

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Keywords

CHADS2, CHA2DS2-VASc, atrial fibrillation, myocardial infarction

About this article
Title

Roles of the CHADS2 and CHA2DS2-VASc scores in post-myocardial infarction patients: Risk of new occurrence of atrial fibrillation and ischemic stroke

Journal

Cardiology Journal

Issue

Vol 21, No 5 (2014)

Pages

474-483

Published online

2014-10-29

DOI

10.5603/CJ.a2014.0034

Bibliographic record

Cardiol J 2014;21(5):474-483.

Keywords

CHADS2
CHA2DS2-VASc
atrial fibrillation
myocardial infarction

Authors

Kui-Kai Lau
Pak-Hei Chan
Kai-Hang Yiu
Yap-Hang Chan
Shasha Liu
Koon-Ho Chan
Chun-Yip Yeung
Sheung-Wai Li
Hung-Fat Tse
Chung-Wah Siu

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