open access

Vol 21, No 4 (2014)
Original articles
Published online: 2014-08-29
Get Citation

Analysis of resting heart rate and clinical characteristics in outpatients with stable coronary artery disease in Turkey: PULSE study

Oktay Ergene, Zehra Ilke Akyildiz
DOI: 10.5603/CJ.a2013.0151
·
Cardiol J 2014;21(4):378-383.

open access

Vol 21, No 4 (2014)
Original articles
Published online: 2014-08-29

Abstract

Background: An association between resting heart rate (RHR) and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality has been shown in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). We aimed to evaluate the RHR and its relationship with clinical variables in outpatients with stable CAD at secondary and tertiary care centers in Turkey.

Methods: Adults with stable CAD in sinus rhythm were included in this non-interventional, national, cross-sectional, multicenter study. Data were collected at a single study visit from 83 centers.

Results: The mean ± standard deviation age of all patients (n = 2,919) was 61 ± 10 years and 73% were males. The mean (SD) RHR was 73 ± 12 bpm, and 62% of patients had RHR of ≥ 70 bpm. Females more frequently had RHR ≥ 70 bpm compared with males (67% vs. 60%; p = 0.002). RHR was significantly higher in patients with angina than in those without (76 ± 13 vs. 73 ± 11 bpm, p < 0.001). Left ventricular ejection fraction and heart rate lower­ing drug use were significantly lower in patients with a RHR ≥ 70 bpm (p < 0.05).

Conclusions: The RHR of outpatients with stable CAD was not within the level recommended by the guidelines.

Abstract

Background: An association between resting heart rate (RHR) and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality has been shown in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). We aimed to evaluate the RHR and its relationship with clinical variables in outpatients with stable CAD at secondary and tertiary care centers in Turkey.

Methods: Adults with stable CAD in sinus rhythm were included in this non-interventional, national, cross-sectional, multicenter study. Data were collected at a single study visit from 83 centers.

Results: The mean ± standard deviation age of all patients (n = 2,919) was 61 ± 10 years and 73% were males. The mean (SD) RHR was 73 ± 12 bpm, and 62% of patients had RHR of ≥ 70 bpm. Females more frequently had RHR ≥ 70 bpm compared with males (67% vs. 60%; p = 0.002). RHR was significantly higher in patients with angina than in those without (76 ± 13 vs. 73 ± 11 bpm, p < 0.001). Left ventricular ejection fraction and heart rate lower­ing drug use were significantly lower in patients with a RHR ≥ 70 bpm (p < 0.05).

Conclusions: The RHR of outpatients with stable CAD was not within the level recommended by the guidelines.

Get Citation

Keywords

stable coronary artery disease, resting heart rate, outpatient

About this article
Title

Analysis of resting heart rate and clinical characteristics in outpatients with stable coronary artery disease in Turkey: PULSE study

Journal

Cardiology Journal

Issue

Vol 21, No 4 (2014)

Pages

378-383

Published online

2014-08-29

DOI

10.5603/CJ.a2013.0151

Bibliographic record

Cardiol J 2014;21(4):378-383.

Keywords

stable coronary artery disease
resting heart rate
outpatient

Authors

Oktay Ergene
Zehra Ilke Akyildiz

Important: This website uses cookies. More >>

The cookies allow us to identify your computer and find out details about your last visit. They remembering whether you've visited the site before, so that you remain logged in - or to help us work out how many new website visitors we get each month. Most internet browsers accept cookies automatically, but you can change the settings of your browser to erase cookies or prevent automatic acceptance if you prefer.

By "Via Medica sp. z o.o." sp.k., ul. Świętokrzyska 73, 80–180 Gdańsk, Poland
tel.:+48 58 320 94 94, fax:+48 58 320 94 60, e-mail: viamedica@viamedica.pl