Vol 14, No 4 (2007)
Original articles
Published online: 2007-06-11

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A comparison of the clinical course of preexcitation syndrome in children and adolescents and in adults

Patrycja Pruszkowska-Skrzep, Sławomir Pluta, Anna Lenarczyk, Oskar Kowalski, Radosław Lenarczyk, Tomasz Kurek, Alina Zdrzałek-Skiba, Beata Chodór, Bożena Zeifert, Małgorzata Szkutnik, Jacek Białkowski, Zbigniew Kalarus
Cardiol J 2007;14(4):384-390.

Abstract


Background: Atrioventricular reentrant tachycardia (AVRT) in patients with preexcitation syndrome (PS) is the main cause of paroxysmal regular arrhythmias in children and adolescents. While the previously published data most commonly concern clinical consequences of PS in adults, few researchers have evaluated the problem in children and adolescents. The aim of the study was to compare the clinical course of PS between the population of children and adolescents below 19 years of age and the population of adult patients.
Method: The study population consisted of 302 consecutive PS patients managed between January 2001 and June 2005 with radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA). The study population was divided into two groups: Group 1 consisting of 52 patients aged 15.38 years on average (7-18 ± 2.53) and Group 2 consisting of 250 adult patients aged 38.67 years on average (19-72 ± 13.1).
Results: Patients from Groups 1 and 2 experienced their first episode of AVRT at the mean age of 13.3 years and 29.1 years, respectively (p < 0.05). The mean annual numbers of AVRT episodes in Groups 1 and 2 were 12.97 (range, 2-96; median, 8) and 8.86 (range, 2-25; median, 6), respectively (p = non-significant). Two patients from Group 1 (3.85%) and 42 patients from Group 2 (16.8%) experienced episodes of atrial fibrillation (AF) (p < 0.05). Location of the accessory pathways (AP): In Group 1, the right free wall and anteroseptal AP locations were significantly more common [11 (21.15%) and 9 (17.31%) patients, respectively, vs.q 19 (7.6%) and 13 (5.2%) patients in Group 2; p < 0.01]. In Group 2, the left anterolateral AP location was more common [81 (32.4%) vs. 4 (7.69%) in Group 1; p < 0.01].
Conclusions: In children and adolescents with PS, a significantly lower incidence of AF was found. In Group 1, RFCA was performed significantly more frequently due to the development of AVRT caused by right free wall and right anteroseptal AP, while in the group of adults, the left anterolateral AP location was found more commonly. (Cardiol J 2007; 14: 384-390)

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