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Vol 22, No 4 (2018)
ORIGINAL PAPERS
Published online: 2018-10-08
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The prevalence of arterial hypertension depending on selected demographic factors among adult residents of eastern Poland district

Monika Klimek, Paulina Mulawka, Tytus Tulwin, Grzegorz Jan Dzida
DOI: 10.5603/AH.a2018.0017
·
Arterial Hypertension 2018;22(4):177-178.

open access

Vol 22, No 4 (2018)
ORIGINAL PAPERS
Published online: 2018-10-08

Abstract

Background. Identification and analysis of risk factors are important aspects of planning the long-term actions to
prevent, early diagnose and properly treat hypertension. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of hypertension and to determine the relationship between the prevalence of hypertension and selected sociodemographic
factors among adult residents of a typical eastern Poland district.

Material and methods. The study involved 1225 residents of the Janów Lubelski district aged between 36 and 65
years. The research methodology included a questionnaire survey. Blood pressure, body weight and height were
measured, the BMI was calculated. Statistical analysis was performed.

Results. 26.8% of subjects are treated for hypertension. 32.9% of hypertensive subjects are treated properly and
women have better control of hypertension than man (41.3% vs. 19.7%). Among subjects without treatment
for hypertension, 37.5% of them have abnormally high blood pressure and it is more common in men (58.9%
vs. 43.4%). The prevalence of hypertension increased with age. The percentages are from 8.6% for subjects aged
36–40 to 45.7% for subjects aged 61–65. Higher prevalence of hypertension is observed in men below the age of
50 compared to women. There is the significant rising prevalence of hypertension in women above the age of 50.
The relationship between the prevalence of hypertension and the educational background is demonstrated. Among
subjects with elementary education, the prevalence of hypertension is higher (45.5%) as compared to subjects with
higher education (18.2%). Area of residence and marital status have no effects on the prevalence of hypertension.

Conclusions. The prevalence of hypertension was lower compared to other epidemiological studies. Improvements in hypertension control have been observed for many years. The educational background has an important influence on the prevalence of hypertension. Further studies are required to establish the influence of an area of residence and marital status on the prevalence of hypertension.

Abstract

Background. Identification and analysis of risk factors are important aspects of planning the long-term actions to
prevent, early diagnose and properly treat hypertension. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of hypertension and to determine the relationship between the prevalence of hypertension and selected sociodemographic
factors among adult residents of a typical eastern Poland district.

Material and methods. The study involved 1225 residents of the Janów Lubelski district aged between 36 and 65
years. The research methodology included a questionnaire survey. Blood pressure, body weight and height were
measured, the BMI was calculated. Statistical analysis was performed.

Results. 26.8% of subjects are treated for hypertension. 32.9% of hypertensive subjects are treated properly and
women have better control of hypertension than man (41.3% vs. 19.7%). Among subjects without treatment
for hypertension, 37.5% of them have abnormally high blood pressure and it is more common in men (58.9%
vs. 43.4%). The prevalence of hypertension increased with age. The percentages are from 8.6% for subjects aged
36–40 to 45.7% for subjects aged 61–65. Higher prevalence of hypertension is observed in men below the age of
50 compared to women. There is the significant rising prevalence of hypertension in women above the age of 50.
The relationship between the prevalence of hypertension and the educational background is demonstrated. Among
subjects with elementary education, the prevalence of hypertension is higher (45.5%) as compared to subjects with
higher education (18.2%). Area of residence and marital status have no effects on the prevalence of hypertension.

Conclusions. The prevalence of hypertension was lower compared to other epidemiological studies. Improvements in hypertension control have been observed for many years. The educational background has an important influence on the prevalence of hypertension. Further studies are required to establish the influence of an area of residence and marital status on the prevalence of hypertension.

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Keywords

arterial hypertension; prevalence; sociodemographic factors

About this article
Title

The prevalence of arterial hypertension depending on selected demographic factors among adult residents of eastern Poland district

Journal

Arterial Hypertension

Issue

Vol 22, No 4 (2018)

Pages

177-178

Published online

2018-10-08

DOI

10.5603/AH.a2018.0017

Bibliographic record

Arterial Hypertension 2018;22(4):177-178.

Keywords

arterial hypertension
prevalence
sociodemographic factors

Authors

Monika Klimek
Paulina Mulawka
Tytus Tulwin
Grzegorz Jan Dzida

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