open access

Vol 10, No 6 (2006)
Prace oryginalne
Published online: 2007-01-11
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Lifestyle of young adults with elevated blood pressure values

Łukasz Krzych, Małgorzata Kowalska, Jan E. Zejda
Nadciśnienie tętnicze 2006;10(6):524-531.

open access

Vol 10, No 6 (2006)
Prace oryginalne
Published online: 2007-01-11

Abstract


Background The risk of cardiovascular death is associated with blood pressure value (BP) and its value above 115/75 mm Hg increases the risk in a statistically significantly way. According to this, the role of lifestyle and risk factors of hypertension that can be modified is important also in the stadium of prehypertension. The aim of the study was to compare lifestyles of young adults with hypertension, prehypertension and optimal BP.
Material and methods The cross-sectional study ivolred a casual BP measurement and the questionnaire estimating basic risk factors of hypertension in 532 students, aged 18–25. The statistical analysis was performed with EpiInfo 6.0 procedures.
Results Optimal BP was recognized in 39.3%, prehypertension in 45.9% and hypertension in 14.8% students. Students with hypertension were more frequently overweighted/obese than students with prehypertension and optimal BP (p < 0.05). Young adults with hypertension more frequently used diet rich in fat and less frequently drank coffee than students with prehypertension and optimal BP (p < 0.05). Hypertensive subjects declared the family history of dyslipidaemia, ischaemic heart disease and atheroslerosis more frequently than students with normal BP (p < 0.05).
Conclusion The results revealed different lifestyles of young adults with hypertension, prehypertension and optimal BP, and difference in obesity and improper diet. The study underlines the necessity of prospective epidemiologic studies to estimate the cardiovascular risk related to abnormal lifestyle among people with increased BP level and to promote healthy lifestyle of young adults.

Abstract


Background The risk of cardiovascular death is associated with blood pressure value (BP) and its value above 115/75 mm Hg increases the risk in a statistically significantly way. According to this, the role of lifestyle and risk factors of hypertension that can be modified is important also in the stadium of prehypertension. The aim of the study was to compare lifestyles of young adults with hypertension, prehypertension and optimal BP.
Material and methods The cross-sectional study ivolred a casual BP measurement and the questionnaire estimating basic risk factors of hypertension in 532 students, aged 18–25. The statistical analysis was performed with EpiInfo 6.0 procedures.
Results Optimal BP was recognized in 39.3%, prehypertension in 45.9% and hypertension in 14.8% students. Students with hypertension were more frequently overweighted/obese than students with prehypertension and optimal BP (p < 0.05). Young adults with hypertension more frequently used diet rich in fat and less frequently drank coffee than students with prehypertension and optimal BP (p < 0.05). Hypertensive subjects declared the family history of dyslipidaemia, ischaemic heart disease and atheroslerosis more frequently than students with normal BP (p < 0.05).
Conclusion The results revealed different lifestyles of young adults with hypertension, prehypertension and optimal BP, and difference in obesity and improper diet. The study underlines the necessity of prospective epidemiologic studies to estimate the cardiovascular risk related to abnormal lifestyle among people with increased BP level and to promote healthy lifestyle of young adults.
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Keywords

lifestyle; blood pressure; prehypertension; hypertension; young adults

About this article
Title

Lifestyle of young adults with elevated blood pressure values

Journal

Arterial Hypertension

Issue

Vol 10, No 6 (2006)

Pages

524-531

Published online

2007-01-11

Bibliographic record

Nadciśnienie tętnicze 2006;10(6):524-531.

Keywords

lifestyle
blood pressure
prehypertension
hypertension
young adults

Authors

Łukasz Krzych
Małgorzata Kowalska
Jan E. Zejda

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