open access

Vol 50, No 4 (2018)
Review articles
Published online: 2018-09-11
Submitted: 2018-03-18
Accepted: 2018-06-22
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Ultrasound assessment of gastric emptying and the risk of aspiration of gastric contents in the perioperative period

Wojciech Gola, Michał Domagała, Adam Cugowski
DOI: 10.5603/AIT.a2018.0029
·
Pubmed: 30221339
·
Anaesthesiol Intensive Ther 2018;50(4):297-302.

open access

Vol 50, No 4 (2018)
Review articles
Published online: 2018-09-11
Submitted: 2018-03-18
Accepted: 2018-06-22

Abstract

The risk of aspiration of gastric contents in the perioperative period constitutes a serious clinical problem and it is connected with increased mortality. At present, the risk of aspiration is assessed only on the basis of an interview and information obtained from the patient. Such assessment is not always reliable while the concomitance of some additional factors influencing the delay of gastric emptying significantly decreases its sensitivity. Using bedside ultrasound imaging in an assessment of gastric contents is a method which supports an objective, simple and quick assessment of the risk of aspiration, helps one to optimise perioperative anaesthetic management, and should constitute a routine element of the perioperative patient assessment.

Abstract

The risk of aspiration of gastric contents in the perioperative period constitutes a serious clinical problem and it is connected with increased mortality. At present, the risk of aspiration is assessed only on the basis of an interview and information obtained from the patient. Such assessment is not always reliable while the concomitance of some additional factors influencing the delay of gastric emptying significantly decreases its sensitivity. Using bedside ultrasound imaging in an assessment of gastric contents is a method which supports an objective, simple and quick assessment of the risk of aspiration, helps one to optimise perioperative anaesthetic management, and should constitute a routine element of the perioperative patient assessment.
Get Citation

Keywords

aspiration of gastric contents, ultrasonography, gastric emptying

About this article
Title

Ultrasound assessment of gastric emptying and the risk of aspiration of gastric contents in the perioperative period

Journal

Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy

Issue

Vol 50, No 4 (2018)

Pages

297-302

Published online

2018-09-11

DOI

10.5603/AIT.a2018.0029

Pubmed

30221339

Bibliographic record

Anaesthesiol Intensive Ther 2018;50(4):297-302.

Keywords

aspiration of gastric contents
ultrasonography
gastric emptying

Authors

Wojciech Gola
Michał Domagała
Adam Cugowski

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