open access

Vol 50, No 2 (2018)
Review articles
Published online: 2017-11-28
Submitted: 2017-10-14
Accepted: 2017-11-13
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Assessment of hypovolaemia in the critically ill

Jan Van der Mullen, Robert Wise, Griet Vermeulen, Pieter-Jan Moonen, Manu L.N.G. Malbrain
DOI: 10.5603/AIT.a2017.0077
·
Pubmed: 29182211
·
Anaesthesiol Intensive Ther 2018;50(2):141-149.

open access

Vol 50, No 2 (2018)
Review articles
Published online: 2017-11-28
Submitted: 2017-10-14
Accepted: 2017-11-13

Abstract

Assessment of the intravascular volume status of patients is one of the most challenging tasks for the intensive care clinician. It is also one of the most important skills in intensive care management as both hypervolaemia and hypovolaemia lead to increased morbidity and mortality. The assessment of hypovolaemic patients is aided by several clinical signs, laboratory investigations, and a multitude of haemodynamic monitoring systems. This review aims to outline the definitions, pathophysiology, and various assessment techniques (both old and new) employed by intensivists on the critically ill patient.

Abstract

Assessment of the intravascular volume status of patients is one of the most challenging tasks for the intensive care clinician. It is also one of the most important skills in intensive care management as both hypervolaemia and hypovolaemia lead to increased morbidity and mortality. The assessment of hypovolaemic patients is aided by several clinical signs, laboratory investigations, and a multitude of haemodynamic monitoring systems. This review aims to outline the definitions, pathophysiology, and various assessment techniques (both old and new) employed by intensivists on the critically ill patient.

Get Citation

Keywords

fluids, therapy, resuscitation, hypovolaemia, monitoring, biomarkers, preload, hydration, underfilling, fluid responsiveness, passive leg raising

About this article
Title

Assessment of hypovolaemia in the critically ill

Journal

Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy

Issue

Vol 50, No 2 (2018)

Pages

141-149

Published online

2017-11-28

DOI

10.5603/AIT.a2017.0077

Pubmed

29182211

Bibliographic record

Anaesthesiol Intensive Ther 2018;50(2):141-149.

Keywords

fluids
therapy
resuscitation
hypovolaemia
monitoring
biomarkers
preload
hydration
underfilling
fluid responsiveness
passive leg raising

Authors

Jan Van der Mullen
Robert Wise
Griet Vermeulen
Pieter-Jan Moonen
Manu L.N.G. Malbrain

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