open access

Vol 48, No 3 (2016)
Original and clinical articles
Published online: 2016-05-30
Submitted: 2015-12-05
Accepted: 2016-03-23

Predictive value of the APACHE II, SAPS II, SOFA and GCS scoring systems in patients with severe purulent bacterial meningitis

Iwona Pietraszek-Grzywaczewska, Szymon Bernas, Piotr Łojko, Anna Piechota, Mariusz Piechota
DOI: 10.5603/AIT.a2016.0030
·
Anaesthesiol Intensive Ther 2016;48(3):175-179.

open access

Vol 48, No 3 (2016)
Original and clinical articles
Published online: 2016-05-30
Submitted: 2015-12-05
Accepted: 2016-03-23

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Scoring systems in critical care patients are essential for predicting of the patient outcome and evaluating the therapy. In this study, we determined the value of the Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II), Simplified Acute Physiology Score II (SAPS II), Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) and Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) scoring systems in the prediction of mortality in adult patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) with severe purulent bacterial meningitis.

METHODS: We retrospectively analysed data from 98 adult patients with severe purulent bacterial meningitis who were admitted to the single ICU between March 2006 and September 2015.

RESULTS: Univariate logistic regression identified the following risk factors of death in patients with severe purulent bacterial meningitis: APACHE II, SAPS II, SOFA, and GCS scores, and the lengths of ICU stay and hospital stay. The independent risk factors of patient death in multivariate analysis were the SAPS II score, the length of ICU stay and the length of hospital stay. In the prediction of mortality according to the area under the curve, the SAPS II score had the highest accuracy followed by the APACHE II, GCS and SOFA scores.

CONCLUSIONS: For the prediction of mortality in a patient with severe purulent bacterial meningitis, SAPS II had the highest accuracy.

Keywords

Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II; Bacterial meningitis; Glasgow Coma Scale; Risk factors of death; Sequential Organ Failure Assessment, Simplified Acute Physiology Score II

About this article
Title

Predictive value of the APACHE II, SAPS II, SOFA and GCS scoring systems in patients with severe purulent bacterial meningitis

Journal

Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy

Issue

Vol 48, No 3 (2016)

Pages

175-179

Published online

2016-05-30

DOI

10.5603/AIT.a2016.0030

Bibliographic record

Anaesthesiol Intensive Ther 2016;48(3):175-179.

Keywords

Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II
Bacterial meningitis
Glasgow Coma Scale
Risk factors of death
Sequential Organ Failure Assessment
Simplified Acute Physiology Score II

Authors

Iwona Pietraszek-Grzywaczewska
Szymon Bernas
Piotr Łojko
Anna Piechota
Mariusz Piechota

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